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Thyroid Factor

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T lymphocytes (T cclls), 146, 226-228, 358 cytotoxic, 365-366, 367 origin of name, 3616 suppressor/cytotoxic, 365 T tubules cardiac muscle, 263, 265 skeletal muscle, 256, 256-257 Talin, 110

Tarsal (Meibomian) glands, 808-809, 809

Tarsal plate, 808

Taste buds, 438-440, 439

Tears, 810

Tectorial membrane, 830, 832, 833, 835, 839

Teeth, 440-454 cementum, 448, 449 classification of, 440-441, 441/?, 442 clinical correlation: dental caries, 453/? dental pulp and central pulp cavity (pulp chamber), 451-452 dentin, 448-451, 450, 451, 452 enamel, 441-448, 443, 444, 445, 446,

447, 448 supporting tissues, 452-454 alveolar processes, 453 gingiva, 452, 453-454 periodontal ligament, 448, 453 Telogen, 4156 Telophase, 69, 71, 72 Tenascin, 165 Tendinocytes, 129, 130 Tendon organs, 261 Tendons, 129-130, 130, 152-153p Teniae coli, 477, 503, 504, 506 Tenon's capsule, 795 Tenon's space, 795 Teratoma, ovarian, 82, S3 Terminal bars, 96, 96-97 Terminal cisterna, 256 Terminal web, 90, 91, 493 Tertiary granules, of neutrophils, 222 Testicular epithelium, monkey, 124/? Testis, 683, 683-689, 714-717p blood supply, 686

development, 683-686, 684, 685. See also

Spermatogenesis intratesticular ducts, 701-702, 702 Leydig cells, 687, 688-689, 6S9, 690 mediastinum, 686 rete, 684, 684, 696, 702, 702 seminiferous tubules, 696-701, 697, 698 structure, 686, 686-688, 687 undescended (cryptorchidism), 685 Testis-determining factor (TDF), 683 Tetrads, 692 Theca externa, 731, 73 / Theca folliculi, 730-731, 731 Theca interna, 731, 731 Theca lutein cells, 736 Thermogenesis, nonshivering, 161 Thermoregulatory sweating, 416 Thoracic duct, 347

Thorax, autonomic distribution to, 308,

309, 311 Thrombopoietin, 240 Thrombus, 332

Thymic cell education, 382, 383 Thymic (Hassall's) corpuscles, 380-381, 3S1 Thymic lobules, 378, 379 Thymocytes, 378

Thymopoietin, 382 Thymosin, 382

Thymus, 370, 373 , 378-382, 3 79, 381, 382, 398-399p

Thymus-dcpendent cortex, of lymph node, 376

Thyrocalcitonin. See Calcitonin Thyroglobulin, 658 Thyroglossal duct, 655 Thyroid gland, 655-659, 656, 676-677p clinical correlation: abnormal thyroid function, 6596 function, 656-659 hormones, 657/

structure and development, 655-656, 656 Thyroid hormones, 656-658, 657/ Thyroiditis, Hashimoto's, 6596 Thyrotropic (TSIT) cells, 648/, 649, 649/ Thyrotropic hormone (TSH), 647/, 649, 6596

Thyrotropin-releasing hormone, (TRH), 653/ Thyroxin-binding protein, 658 Thyroxine (tetraiodothyronine), 535,

656-658, 657/ Tight junctions, intestinal, 494-495 Tissue(s). See also specific types classification overview, 78-79 identification of, 84 Tissue histiocytes. See Macrophages Tissue plasminogen activator (TPA), 231 Tissue staining, 3-5 alternatives to H&E, 5 hematoxylin and eosin (H&cE) with formalin fixation, 3, 4, 4/ with other fixatives, 3-4 Titin, 252-254

TNF receptor (death receptor), 74 Tomes' process, 444, 448 Tongue, 437, 437-440 lingual salivary glands, 439 lingual tonsil, 440 papillae, 437-438, 438 taste buds, 438-440, 439 Tonofilaments, 405 Tonsillar (Waldeyer's) ring, 345 Tonsils, 345, 373, 373-374, 388-389p lingual, 437, 440 palatine, 345

pharyngeal (adenoid), 345 tubal, 345 Toxins, hepatic degradation of, 534 Trabeculae, 181 arachnoid, 312, 312 of lymph node, 374 splenic, 382 Trabecular meshwork (spaces of Fontana),

795, 796, 797 Trachea, 575-579, 596-597p cartilage and muscle, 576, 579 clastic membrane, 579 lamina propria, 578-579 Tracheal basement membrane, 104,

577-578, 578 Tracheal epithelium, 575-576, 577, 575,122/7

Tracheal ring, calcification in, 171, 171 Tract hypothalamohypophyseal, 643, 650 retinohypothalamic, 654 Transferrin, 701

Transformation zone, uterine cervix,

750-751, 751 Transforming growth factor 139 Transfusion reaction, hemolytic, 2196

Transitional cells (lymphocytes), 240 Transitional epithelium (urothelium), 88,

89/, 626, 626, 627, 628 Transitional zone anal, 508, 508 corneoscleral, 795, 795, 796 of prostate gland, 708, 709 Transmission electron (TEM) microscope,

13, 14, 146, 17 Transport, defined, 90 Transport systems, axonal, 293 Transverse component, of cardiac muscle,

262-263 Transverse rectal folds, 507 Transverse tubular (T) system, 256, 256-257 Triad, of T tubules, 256 Trichohyalin, 406, 406 Triglyceride digestion, 502-5036 Trigone, of urinary bladder, 628 Triiodothyronine, 535, 656-658, 657/ Trophoblastic lacunae, 751, 752 Tropocollagen, 132 Tropomodulin, 254 Tropomyosin, 217, 219, 252 Troponin complex, 252 Troponin-C, 252 Troponin-I, 252 Troponin-T, 252 Trunk, right lymphatic, 347 Tubal tonsils, 345 Tube(s)

Eustachian (auditory), 821, 822 uterine (Fallopian), 727, 742-743, 743, 770-771/7 Tuberculosis, 182 Tubular glands, 112, 113/ Tubules renal, 607-609, 616-622. See also Renal tubules seminiferous, 684, 684, 696-701, 697,

698. See also Seminiferous tubules straight, 684, 684, 694, 695-696,

701-702, 702 T, 256, 256-257 Tubuloalveolar glands, 112, I 13/ Tubulovesicular membrane system, 484 Tuftelins, 447 Tufts, enamel, 447 Tumor necrosis factor, 74 Tumors. See also specific lesions of adipose tissue, 1626 Tunica adventitia, 328, 352-353/7. See also Adventitia of elastic arteries, 330, 333 of muscular arteries, 335, 335 of veins, 342, 342 Tunica albugĂ­nea, 686, 686, 710, 711 Tunica intima, 327-328, 328/ of elastic arteries, 333 of muscular arteries, 334-335, 335 of veins, 341, 341-342 Tunica media, 328, 352-353/7 of elastic arteries, 330, 333 of muscular arteries, 335, 335 of veins, 342, 342 Tunica vaginalis, 686

Turbinates, nasal (nasal conchae), 570, 570 Tympanic cavity, 821, 821-822 Tympanic membrane, 822, 822-823, 824

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