a. Structurally, the filiform papillae are posteriorly bent conical projections of the epithelium. These papillae do not possess taste buds and are composed of stratified squamous keratinized epithelium. x45. b. Fungiform papillae are slightly rounded, elevated structures situated among the filiform papillae. A highly vascularized connective tissue core forms the center of the fungiform papilla and projects into the base of the surface epithelium. Because of the deep penetration of connective tissue into the epithelium (arrows), combined with a very thin keratinized surface, the fungiform papillae appear as small red dots when the dorsal surface of the tongue is examined by gross inspection. x45. c. In a section, foliate papillae can be distinguished from fungiform papillae because they appear in rows separated by deep clefts (arrows). The foliate papillae are covered by stratified squamous nonkeratinized epithelium containing numerous taste
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