B

B cells, pancreatic, 555 B lymphocytes (B cells), 146, 226, 358 memory, 363, 364 origin of name, 361/; Balbiani bodies, 729, 730 Band 3 protein, of erythrocyte membrane, 217

Band 4 proteins, of erythrocyte membrane,

217, 219 Band (stab) cells, 238 Baroreceptors, cardiac, 347 Barr bodies, 62, 63, 221 Barrier air-blood, 585, 586, 587 blood-aqueous, 798 blood-brain, 283, 304-306, 313, 313 blood-ocular, 798 blood-testis, 700, 700/; epidermal water, 406, 406-407 mucosal, 435, 475, 484 nonthrombogenic of arterial endothelium, 332

perivitelline, 739 physiologic gastric mucosal, 484 placental, 752-753, 753 selective permeability, of elastic arteries, 331-332 Bars, terminal, 96, 96-97 Basal bodies, 58-59, 92, 94

Basal cells, 571, 572-573

Basal lamina, 104-109, 105, 106, 107, 108

terminology, 1076 Basement membrane, ยก04, 104-109, 105, 109. See also Basal lamina glomerular, 609 of splenic vessels, 109 terminology, 107/; tracheal, 104, 577-578, 578 Basic dyes, 6/, 6-7

Basket, nuclear (nuclear cage), 66, 66 Basophilic erythroblast, 236 Basophils, 146, 146, 224-225, 225, 226, 244-245/; mature, 23S Bcl-2 proteins, 73, 74 Beds, nail, 420

Bending phase, of skeletal muscle contraction, 255, 255 Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 708, 709/;

Berlin, columns of (renal columns), 605, 605-606

Bile composition of, 535/ gallbladder and, 548 hepatic production of, 535 Bile canaliculi, 545, 547 Bile ducts, 535, 547, 547 Bile salts, 548

Biliary tree, 543, 545-54S, 546-548, 547 Bilirubin, 237

Biologic mineralization, of bone, 200-201 Bipolar neurons, 284, 285, 286 Birbeck granules, 409 Birefringence, 250

Bizzozero, node of, of keratinocytes, 402 Bladder, urinary. See Urinary bladder Blastema, of precartilage (protochondral tissue), 170 Blastocysts, 748, 748-749 Blood, 2 14-245, 242-245/;. See also specific components clinical correlations

ABO and Rh blood group systems, 2 I 9/; hemoglobin disorders, 220/; erythrocytes (red cells), 217, 217-221,

215, 219, 219/;, 220, 220b, 242-245p examination technique for (blood smear),

216, 216-217

formation of blood cells (hemopoiesis), 23 1-240, 232/, 233. See also Hemopoiesis formed elements of, 215/ leukocytes (white cells), 221-229 basophils, 224-225, 225, 226 eosinophils, 224, 225 lymphocytes, 225-228, 227. See also

Immune system; Lymphatics monocytes, 228, 228-229 neutrophils, 221, 221-224, 223 overview, 214-215 plasma, 215-217 platelets, 229, 229-231, 230 Blood cells, formation of, 231-240, 232/,

233. See also Hemopoiesis Blood filtration, by spleen, 385-387 Blood smear technique, 216, 216-217 Blood supply of adrenal glands, 661-662, 664, 665 of bone, 184-185, 185 of chorionic villi, 752 of ear, 835-S36, 836

of eye, 791, 799, 807 of kidney, 624-625, 625 of liver, 535-536, 536 of mammary gland, 763 of ovary, 740-742 of pancreas, 559 of penis, 711

of placenta, 753-754, 754 of respiratory system, 590 of testis, 686 of uterus, 745, 745-746 Blood vessels, general features, 327,

327-328, 328f. See also Arteries; Arterioles; Capillaries; Veins Blood-aqueous barrier, 798 Blood-brain barrier, 283, 304-306,

313,313 Blood-ocular barrier, 798 Blood-testis barrier, 700, 700/; Blood-thymus barrier, 381-382, 382 Body (bodies) abacus, 450, 451 aortic, 347 apoptotic, 74, 75 Balbiani, 729, 730 Barr, 62, 63, 221 basal, 92, 94 Call-Exner, 733, 733 carotid, 347 Charcot-Bottcher, 698 ciliary, 789, 789, 790, 796, 797,

797-798 crystalloid, 223

dense (cytoplasmic densities), 266-267,

267 Herring, 651 ketone, 534

lamellar, 406, 583, 584, 585, 586 pineal. See Pineal gland of stomach, 480, 481 of uterus, 743 vitreous, 790, 808 Weibel-Palade, 331 Body wall, autonomic distribution to, 308,

309, 311-312 Bone, 180-213

Bone(s). See also Bone formation; Bone tissue; and specific types biologic mineralization, 200-201 blood supply to, 184-185, 185 classification of, 181-182, 182 clinical correlation: articular cartilage and joint diseases, 183b compact, 184, 184, 206-207p endochondral ossification, 194-198 flat, 181, 182

general structure, 182-186. See also Bone cavities; Periosteum ground, 204-205/;

intramembranous ossification, 193-194 immature, 185, 185-186, 186 immature vs. mature, 185 irregular, 181, 152 long, 181, 182, 185 matrix vesicles, 200-201 mature (lamellar), 183-185, 184 mature spongy, 184 membrane (intramembranous), 194 overview, 180-181 physiologic functions, 181, 201 short, 181, 182 spongy, 206-207p Bone cavities, 183

Bone cells, 186-192. See also Bone tissue

Bone formation, 193-200 clinical correlation: nutritional factors, 199/;

endochondral bone growth, 194-198, 195, 208-211p zone(s) of epiphyseal plate . calcified cartilage, 196, 210-211/; hypertrophy, 196, 210-211 p proliferation, 196, 210-211 p reserve cartilage, 195, 210-211 /; resorption, 196, 210-211/; ossification endochondral, 194-198, 195, 208-211p intramembranous, 193, 193-194, 212-213p osteonal (Haversian) system, 183-184, 184, 198-200, 199, 200, 200 Bone growth, hormonal regulation, 201 b Bone marrow, 183, 240-241, 241 nonactive, 241 red, 182, 241

sinusoidal system of, 240-241, 241 with GAI.T (bursa-equivalent organ),

358-359, 361/; yellow, 182 Bone remodeling unit, 198, 199 Bone resorption, 190-191, 192 Bone spicules, 188-189, 192 Bone tissue, 186-192 bone-lining cells, 187, 187-188 classification of, 181, 182 osteoblasts, 188, 188-190 osteoclasts, 190-193, 192 osteocytes, 190, 191 osteoprogenitor cells, 186-188 Bony callus, 201, 202 Bony labyrinth, 825, 825 Border brush, in kidney, 90 ruffled, of osteoclast, 190, 192 striated, in small intestine, 90, 492, 493 Bouton terminal (end bulb), 289 Boutons en passant, 269, 289 Bowman's capsule, 607, 609-610, 610, 611, 614, 614

Bowman's (olfactory) glands, 572, 573 Bowman's membrane, 793, 793, 795 Brain cerebellar tissue, 322-323/; cerebrum, 320-312/; Brain natriuretic factor, 262 Brain sand (corpora arenacea), 653-654, 654

Breasts. See Mammary glands Bright-field microscope, 12 Bronchial adventitia, 580 Bronchial cartilage layer, 580 Bronchial circulation, 590 Bronchial mucosa, 580 Bronchial muscularis, 580 Bronchial submucosa, 580 Bronchiolar cartilage plates, 581-582 Bronchiole(s), 598-601/; function, 581, 581-582 structure, 580-581, 581 terminal, 581, 581, 600-601 /; Bronchioles, 580, 580-583, 581 Bronchus (bronchi), 579-580, 580 Bronchus-associated lymphatic tissue

(BALT), 374, 578 Brown adipose tissue, 160-161, 161 Bruch's membrane, 798-799 Brunner's (submucosal) glands, 499-500, 500

Brush border, in kidney, 90 Brush cells, 570, 572, 576, 579 Bulbourethral (Cowper's) glands, 629, 709, 711

Bundle (interwoven) bone, 185 Bundle of His, 346

Bundles, of muscle fiber. See Fascicle(s) Bursa of Fabricius, 361 b Bursa-equivalent organ (bone marrow and GALT), 358-359, 361/;

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