Birth Trauma And Asphyxia

Bump To Birth

Natural Childbirth Options

Get Instant Access

Birth injuries occur at the rate of approximately 2-7 per 1000 live births. The risk factors include macrosomy, prematurity, amniocentesis, cordocentesis, fetal surgical manipulations, dystocia, cephalopelvic disproportion, and the prolonged labor (Fanaroff & Hack, 1999). The most common consequences of birth injuries include blood clots, paralysis, and fracture. Neurological consequences are considered rare and are usually attributed to asphyxia.

Asphyxia is a combination of acidemia, hypoxia, and metabolic acidosis. An infant who exhibits acute neurological injury proximate to asphyxia usually has had profound metabolic or mixed academia (pH < 7) on an umbilical cord arterial blood sample, an Apgar score of 0-3 for longer than 5 min, neonatal neurological manifestations of seizures, coma, or hypotonia, and dysfunction on a multisystem level. The neurological outcome of asphyxiated infants is difficult to determine in the immediate postnatal period since the sequella are related to the period during development when the event occurred. Fetal asphyxia is associated with cerebral palsy although experts estimate that no more than 15% of cases of CP are explained by this mechanism (Goldenberg & Nelson, 1999).

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

If Pregnancy Is Something That Frightens You, It's Time To Convert Your Fear Into Joy. Ready To Give Birth To A Child? Is The New Status Hitting Your State Of Mind? Are You Still Scared To Undergo All The Pain That Your Best Friend Underwent Just A Few Days Back? Not Convinced With The Answers Given By The Experts?

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment