1. Jensen AR. How much can we boost IQ and scholastic achievement? Harvard Educ Rev 1969,33:1-123.

2. Sternberg RJ. The search for criteria: why study the evolution of intelligence? In Sternberg RJ, Kaufman JC, eds. The evolution of intelligence. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2002;1-25.

3. Sternberg RJ, Detterman DK. What is Intelligence? Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1986.

4. Sattler JM . Assessment of children, 3rd ed. San Diego, CA: Sattler, 1988:37-59, 61-83, 646-61.

5. Binet A, Simon T. The development of intelligence in children. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1916.

6. Sternberg RJ. Intelligence applied: understanding and increasing your intellectual skills. San Diego: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1986.

7. Spearman C. The nature of intelligence and the principles of cognition. London: Macmillan, 1923;300.

8. Wechsler D. The measurement and appraisal of adult intelligence, 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1958;7.

9. Baroff GS, Olley JG. Mental retardation: nature, cause and management, 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel, 1999:2-46.

10. Snyderman M, Rothman S. Survey of expert opinion on intelligence and aptitude testing. Am Psychol 1987;42:137-144.

11. Leahey TH. A history of psychology: main currents in psychological thought, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987;34-57.

12. Scheerenberger RC. A history of mental retardation. Baltimore: Brookes, 1983;1-23, 51-87, 91-135.

13. Gould SJ. The mismeasure of man. New York: WW Norton, 1981;73-107, 135, 146-233.

14. Galton F. Hereditary genius. New York: D. Appleton,1884.

15. Evans B, Waites B. IQ and mental testing: an unnatural science and its social history. London: Macmillan, 1981;33-61, 145-178.

16. Spearman C. The abilities of man. New York: Macmillan, 1927.

17. Spearman C. The theory of two factors. Psychol Rev 1914;21:105 ff.

18. Thorndike EL. Human nature and the social order. New York: Macmillan.

19. Thurstone LL. Primary mental abilities. Psychometric monographs. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1938.

20. Guilford JP. The structure of intellect. Psychol Bull 53:267-93.

21. Catell RB. Theory of fluid and crystalized intelligence: a critical experiment. J Educ Psychol 1963;51:1-22.

22. Horn JL. Organization of abilities and the development of intelligence. Psychol Rev 1968;75:242-59.

23. Gustafsson JE. A unifying model for the structure of intellectual abilities. Intelligence 1984;8:179-203.

24. Binet A, Simon T. Méthodes nouvelles pour le diagnostic du niveau intéllectuel des anormaux. Ann Psychol 1905;11:191-244.

25. Styles I. The study of intelligence—the interplay between theory and measurement. In Anderson M, ed. The development of intelligence. Sussex, UK: Psychology Press 1999;19-42.

26. Thorndike RL, Hagen EP, Sattler JM. Technical manual, Stanford-Binet 4th Edition. Chicago: Riverside, 1986.

27. Terman L. The measurement of intelligence. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1916.

28. Stern W. The psychological methods of testing intelligence. Baltimore: Warwick & York, 1914.

29. Smith GF. Clinical aspects of genetics in mental retardation. In Allen RM, Cortazzo AD, Toister RP, eds. The role of genetics in mental retardation. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press, 1970;25-48.

30. Penrose LS. Mental defect. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1934;1-13, 45-52, 53-84, 85-95.

31. Kanner L. Itard, Seguin, Howe—three pioneers in the education of retarded children. Am J Ment Defic 1960;65:2-10.

32. Kanner L. Medicine in the history of mental retardation: 1800-1965. Am J Ment Defic 1967;72:165-70.

33. Doll EE. Trends and problems in the education of the mentally retarded: 18001940. Am J Ment Defic 1967;72:175-83.

34. Talbot M. Édouard Seguin. Am J Ment Defic 1967;72:184-89.

35. Herd H. The diagnosis of mental deficiency. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1930;3-11.

36. Bregman JD. Current developments in the understanding of mental retardation Part II: Psychopathology. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1991;30:861-72.

37. Goddard HH. The Kallikak family, a study in the heredity of feeblemindedness. New York: Macmillan, 1912.

38. Goddard HH. Feeblemindedness: its causes and consequences. New York: MacMillan, 1914.

39. Town CT. Familial feeblemindedness: a study of one hundred forty-one families. Buffalo: Foster & Stewart, 1939.

40. Galton F. Inquiries into the human faculty and its development. London: JM Dent & Co, 1883;217.

41. Fisher RA. The correlation between relatives on the supposition on Mendelian inheritance. Trans Roy Soc Edinburgh 1918;52:399-433.

42. Goldstein S, Reynolds CR, eds. Handbook of neurodevelopmental and genetic disorders in children. New York: Guilford Press, 1999;3-8, 101-53.

43. Jinks JL, Fulker DW. Comparison of the biometrical, genetical, MAVA, and classical approaches to the analysis of human behavior. Psychol Bull 1970;73:311-49.

44. Rao DC, Morton NE, Yee S. Resolution of cultural and biological inheritance by path analysis. Am J Hum Genet 1976;28:228-42.

45. Lewontin RC. Genetic aspects of intelligence. Ann Rev Genet 1975;9:387-405.

46. Goldberger, AS. The nonresolution of IQ inheritance by path analysis [letter]. Am J Hum Genet 1978;30:442-5.

47. Kamin L. The science and politics of IQ. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1974.

48. Inhelder B, Piaget J. The growth of logical thinking from childhood to adolescence. New York: Basic Books, 1958.

49. Zigler E. Familial mental retardation: a continuing dilemma. Science 1967;155:292-8.

50. Zigler E. Developmental versus difference theories of retardation and the problem of motivation. Am J Ment Defic 1969;73:536-56.

51. Down, J. Mental affections of children and youth. London, J & A Churchill, 1887.

52. Dugdale R. The Jukes: a study of crime, pauperism, disease, and heredity. New York: GP Putnam, 1877; reprinted by Arno Press, 1970.

53. Estabrook A. The Jukes in 1915. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institute of Washington, 1916.

54. Dingman HF, Tarjan G. Mental retardation and the normal distribution curve. Am J Ment Defic 1960;64:991-4.

55. Stevenson RE, Schwartz CE, Schroer RJ. X-linked mental retardation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000;23-67.

56. Reed EW, Reed SC. Mental retardation: a family study. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1965;1-18.

57. Burack JA, Hodapp RM, Zigler E. Issues in the classification of mental retardation: differentiating among the organic etiologies. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1988;29:765-79.

58. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 2nd ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1968.

59. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1994.

60. Fisch GS. Psychological assessment on XLMR: a proposal for setting international standards. Genet Counsel 2000;11:85-101.

61. Weisz J, Yeates K, Zigler E. Piagetian evidence and the developmental-difference controversy. In Zigler E, Balla D, eds. Mental retardation: the developmental-difference controversy. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1982.

62. Weiss B, Weisz J, Bromfield R. Performance of retarded and nonretarded persons on information-processing tasks: further tests of the similar structure hypothesis. Psychol Bull 1986;100:157-75.

63. Hodapp RM, Leckman JF, Dykens EM, Sparrow SS, Zelinsky DG, Ort SI. K-ABC profiles in children with fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, and nonspecific mental retardation. Am J Ment Retard 1992;97:39-46.

64. Bellugi U, Wang P, Jernigan T. Williams syndrome: an unusual neurocognitive profile. In Broman SH, Grafman J, eds. Atypical cognitive deficits in developmental disorders. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1994;23-56.

65. Fisch GS, Carpenter N, Howard-Peebles PN, Tarleton J, Holden JJA, Simensen RJ. Longitudinal changes in cognitive ability and adaptive behavior in children and adolescents with fragile X or Williams syndrome. Paper presented at the 10th International Workshop on Fragile X and XLMR, September 19-22, 2001, Frascati, Italy.

66. Carr J. Longitudinal research in Down syndrome. In Bray NW, ed. International review of research in mental retardation. San Diego: Academic Press, 1992;18:197-223.

67. Wishart JG. The development of learning difficulties in children with Down syndrome. J Intell Disab Res 1993;37:389-403.

68. Fisch GS, Simensen R, Tarleton J, et al. Longitudinal study of cognitive abilities and adaptive behavior levels in fragile X males: a prospective multicenter analysis. Am J Med Genet 1996;64:356-61.

69. Fisch GS, Carpenter N, Holden JJ, et al. Longitudinal changes in cognitive and adaptive behavior in fragile X females: a prospective multicenter analysis. Am J Med Genet 1999;83:308-12.

70. Dykens EM, Hodapp RM, Walsh K, Nash LJ. Profiles, correlates and trajectories of intelligence in Prader-Willi syndrome. J Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1992;31:1125-30.

71. Abrams MT, Doheny KF, Mazzocco MMM, et al. Cognitive, behavioral, and neuroanatomical assessment of two unrelated male children expressing FRAXE. Am J Med Genet (Neuropsychiatr Genet) 1997;74:73-81.

72. Fisch GS, Carpenter NJ, Simensen R, Smits APT, van Roosmalen T, Hamel BCJ. Longitudinal changes in cognitive-behavioral levels in three children with FRAXE. Am J Med Genet 1999;84:291-2.

73. Ingalls S, Goldstein S. Learning disabilities. In Goldstein S, Reynolds CR, eds. Handbook of neurodevelopmental and genetic disorders in children. New York: Guilford Press, 1999;101-53.

74. Lerner JW. Learning disabilities: theories, diagnosis, and teaching strategies, 6th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1993.

75. Omenn GS. Genetic approaches to the syndrome of minimal brain dysfunction. In: de la Cruz FF, Fox BH, Roberts RH, eds. Minimal brain dysfunction. Ann NY Acad Sci 1973;205:212-22.

76. Vandenberg SG. Possible hereditary factors in minimal brain dysfunction. In: de la Cruz FF, Fox BH, Roberts RH, eds. Minimal brain dysfunction. Ann NY Acad Sci 1973;205:223-30.

77. North KN, Riccardi V, Samango-Sprouse C, et al. Cognitive function and academic performance in neurofibromatosis 1: Consensus statement from the NF1 cognitive disorders task force. Neurology 1997;48:1121-7.

78. LaBuda MC, DeFries JC. Genetic etiology of reading disability: evidence from a twin study. In: Pavlidis GT, ed. Perspectives in dyslexia: Vol. 1. Neurology, neuropsychology, and genetics. New York: Wiley, 1990;47-76.

79. Smith SD, Kimberling WJ, Pennington BF, Lubs HA. Specific reading disability: Identification of an inherited form through linkage analysis. Science 1983;219:1345-7.

80. Grigorenko EL, Wood FB, Meyer MS, Hart LA, Speed WC, Shuster A, Pauls DL. Susceptibility loci for distinct components of developmental dyslexia on chromosomes 6 and 15. Am J Hum Genet 1997;60:27-39.

81. Broman S, Nichols PL, Shaughnessy P, Kennedy W. Retardation in young children: a developmental study of cognitive deficit. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1987;1-12, 24-37.

82. Fisch GS. Psychology genetics. Am J Med Genet (Semin Med Genet), 2000;97:109-11.

Adult Dyslexia

Adult Dyslexia

This is a comprehensive guide covering the basics of dyslexia to a wide range of diagnostic procedures and tips to help you manage with your symptoms. These tips and tricks have been used on people with dyslexia of every varying degree and with great success. People just like yourself that suffer with adult dyslexia now feel more comfortable and relaxed in social and work situations.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment