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The History, Current Status, and Future of Multicultural Psychotherapy

Richard M. Lee

Department of Educational Psychology University of Texas at Austin Austin, Texas

Manuel Ramirez III

Department of Psychology University of Texas at Austin Austin, Texas

At the start of the 1990s, Pedersen (1991) asserted multiculturalism as the fourth force in psychology. This bold statement positioned multiculturalism for the first time beside the traditional schools of psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and person-centered humanism in the field of counseling and psychotherapy. It also served to legitimize a movement that began in the 1960s and early 1970s when psychologists started to examine the role of culture in the therapy hour (Jackson, 1995). The development and refinement of multicultural psychotherapy has evolved since from the recognition to serve culturally different populations to specific counseling models for these populations. Multicultural psychotherapy is now applicable to all groups of people because individual and cultural differences are integrated into the basic therapeutic philosophy and approach. The purpose of this chapter is to address these theoretical and professional developments in the field of multicultural psychotherapy.

Handbook of Multicultural Mental Health: Assessment and Treatment of Diverse Populations Copyright © 2000 by Academic Press. All rights of reproduction in any form reserved.

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