Culture has been defined in over one hundred ways. The definition used by Anthony Marsella (chapter 1, this volume) is the definition that will be used here as well. It defines culture as shared learned meanings and behaviors that are transmitted from within a social activity context for purposes of promoting individual/societal adjustment, growth, and development. Of much importance in Marsella's definition is the idea that culture is directly related to adjustment, growth, and development.
Cultures can and do vary in terms of several dimensions including, but not limited to, size, power, wealth, worldviews, religious beliefs, traditional views, economic systems, collectivistic versus individualistic cultural identification, among innumerable other ways (Triandis, 1994).
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