To What Extent Is The Mmpi2 Used With American Ethnic Minorities

Since 1989, when the MMPI-2 was published as the revision of the original MMPI (see Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989), 58 studies have been conducted with ethnic minority groups in the United States (including Puerto Rico). Table I presents studies on ethnic/racial groups using the MMPI-2. The subgroup entitled "multiple groups" indicates that the studies included more than one ethnic group. Unlike research with the MMPI, which primarily focused on African Americans (see Dahlstrom, Lachar, & Dahlstrom, 1986; Greene, 1987), it appears that the current focus of research for the MMPI-2 is on Latinos, with Mexican-Americans or Chicanos being the most studied subgroup. African-Americans rank second, with Asians, American Indians, and Iranian Americans receiving minimal attention (see Table I).

Unlike the Rorschach, Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI), or Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI), the MMPI-2 is frequently employed by

TABLE I MMPI-2 Research with American Minorities: Studies by Ethnicity/Race (1989-1998)"

Ethnic/racial group

Number of studies


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