Bipolar I and II Dysthymic and Cyclothymic Disorders

Differential incidence of Bipolar Disorder I associated with race or ethnicity has not been reported (DSM-IV, 1994, p. 352). Some evidence exists suggesting that clinicians may overdiagnose Schizophrenia rather than Bipolar Disorder I in some ethnic groups (DSM-IV, 1994, pp. 352-353). The DSM-IV (1994) did not provide a description of cultural variants for Bipolar II, Dysthymic, and Cyclothymic Disorders. A major characteristic of Bipolar II and Cyclothymic Disorders is the presence of hypomanic symptoms. As noted by Castillo (1997), these symptoms are culturally accepted in some cultural contexts. For example, members of the Hindu culture generally engaged in "meditative trances to achieve a permanent hypomanic state [during their religious practices]" (Castillo, 1997, p. 219). In the case of Dysthymic Disorder, being depressed most of the time over at least two years could be the result of specific cultural variables such as racial discrimination and severe poverty (Castillo, 1997; Weiss, 1995).

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Bipolar Disorder Uncovered

Bipolar Disorder Uncovered

If you're wanting to learn about bipolar disorder... Then this may be the most important letter you'll ever read! You are about to take an in-depth look at bipolar disorder. It's all you need to know about bipolar disorder to help you or a loved one lead a normal life. It doesn't matter if you or a loved one have been recently diagnosed or been struggling with bipolar disorder for years - This guide will tell you everything you need to know, without spending too much brainpower!

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment