Psychological treatments see Chapter 22

Psychotherapy in its briefer forms may be helpful, but not in dementia (Burns et al., 2005). Intensive exploratory work is inappropriate because major changes in personality or attitudes are not likely to be achieved. Individual or group treatment may be focused on adaptation to bereavement or the other losses of


old age. Marital therapy may be indicated, because conflicts in a marriage often become more obvious when the partners are brought into constant contact by retirement or restricted mobility. Special techniques for this age group include reality orientation (RO) and reminiscence therapy.

Practical memory aids (e.g. PDAs) may be of benefit for dementia patients.

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