Onset may be gradual and insidious, without obvious precipitating factors; however, it may be acute and seemingly associated with life events. Symptoms may include abnormalities of perception, such as hallucinations, abnormal beliefs, and delusions. There may be disruption of thought processes, so-called thought disorder, as well as behavioural and motor symptoms.

I will now discuss in detail the symptoms and signs of the condition, according to the standard headings of the mental state examination.

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