Melanie Klein 18821960

Klein worked with children under 2 years old, and believed that failure of psychological development at this time was the origin of neurosis in later life. She described developmental stages: the paranoid-schizoid position related to the child's perception of its mother's breast first as a 'good object', which is intro-jected, and then as a 'bad object' onto which aggressive feelings are projected. This is followed by the depressive position when the child becomes aware that the good and bad mother are the same and must cope with the depressive anxiety of having attacked the needed good object.

Other 'neo-Freudians' include Adler, Fromm, Reich, Erikson, Sullivan, Horney, Anna Freud, Winnicot, and Fairbairn.

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