Mechanisms of change

The same mechanisms operate as in individual therapy, but those treated in groups have the advantage of being able to share their problems and ways of coping with others similarly affected.

As the introduction of newcomers may retard progress and arouse hostility, 'closed' groups with a fixed lifespan and the same members throughout are ideal, if not always practicable. A good size is 5-10 members. Outpatient groups usually meet once a week for 1-2 hours. Groups run on psychoanalytic lines may continue for 2 years or more. Groups using behavioural or cognitive techniques, such as anxiety management groups, last only 6-12 weeks. Inpatient units run on 'therapeutic community' lines use daily group therapy as the main method of treatment.

Anxiety and Panic Attacks

Anxiety and Panic Attacks

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