Child and adolescent psychiatry

Child and adolescent psychiatrists deal with patients up to school-leaving age. Most psychiatric disorders of childhood involve a quantitative rather than qualitative abnormality of emotion, conduct, or rate of development. Emotions or conduct considered abnormal at one age may be normal at another.

Community surveys have indicated that 7-20 per cent of children can be diagnosed as having psychiatric disorder. Prevalence is higher in inner-city areas than rural ones. There is a strong association with socio-economic deprivation. Only about 10 per cent of affected children receive psychiatric treatment.

Before puberty, boys have more psychiatric disorder than girls, and conduct disorders are more common than emotional disorders. During adolescence, the rates increase, with more girls affected and a higher proportion of emotional disorders.

0 0

Post a comment