Risks

Patients with cardiac, pulmonary, or gastrointestinal problems may experience a worsening of their symptoms, depending upon the characteristics and strength of the aversive stimuli. Some therapists have reported that patients undergoing aversion therapy, especially treatment that uses powerful chemical or pharmacological aversive stimuli, have become negative and aggressive.

Normal results V

Depending upon the objectives established at the o-

beginning of treatment, patients successfully completing 3

a course of aversion therapy can expect to see a reduction e or cessation of the undesirable behavior. If they practice p relapse prevention techniques, they can expect to main- y tain the improvement.

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