Key Terms d

Cognitive restructuring—An approach to psy- t chotherapy that focuses on helping the patient s examine distorted patterns of perceiving and § thinking in order to change their emotional t responses to people and situations. d

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)—A o group of antidepressant drugs that decreases the de activity of monoamine oxidase, a neurotransmitter found in the brain that affects mood. MAOIs are also used in the treatment of avoidant personality disorder.

Supportive—An approach to psychotherapy that seeks to encourage the patient or offer emotional support to him or her, as distinct from insight-oriented or educational approaches to treatment.

ical condition is affecting the patient's behavior. For example, people with disorders of the digestive tract may avoid social occasions for fear of a sudden attack of diarrhea or the need to vomit. If the interview with the patient suggests a diagnosis of avoidant personality disorder, the doctor may administer a diagnostic questionnaire or another type of assessment tool.

Assessment tools helpful in diagnosing avoidant personality disorder include:

• Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

• Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-II)

• Rorschach Psychodiagnostic Test

• Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)

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