Reindeer Rangifer tarandus

Not much is known about the domestication of the reindeer. It is assumed that it was domesticated at only one place in the Sayan mountains from 3000 to 1000 B.C. Chinese sources from the sixth century describe the reindeer as a domestic animal. The reindeer may have become used to humans when it came to human settlements to lick salt from human urine. It served in place of cattle and horses in harsh northern conditions. Domestic reindeer live in northern Eurasia and Canada. The Canadian caribou (R. tarandus caribou) was never domesticated. Domestic reindeer do not differ from wild reindeer, except that they may vary in size and coloring. Those who keep reindeer must live the nomadic way of life because the reindeer still migrate along ancient paths. The domestic reindeer serves as a riding and draft animal, and provides milk, meat, leather, hair, and antlers.

0 0

Post a comment