Zebra duiker

Cephalophus zebra

TAXONOMY

Cephalophus zebra Gray, 1838, Sierra Leone. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Banded duiker, zebra antelope; French: Céphalophe zèbre; German: Zebraducker.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Muscular duiker with unique coloration. Length 27.5-36 in (85-90 cm), height 16-20 in (40-50 cm), weight 33-44 lb

(15-20 kg). Easily distinguished from other duikers by its vertical black banding. Between these stripes, the pelage is a light gold, off white, or auburn. The bands do not cross the pale yellow to white belly and undersides. Head, shoulders, and lower legs are a rich tan color. Long tail is approximately 6 in (15 cm). Horns are conical and pointed, and the head lacks the characteristic hair tuft.

DISTRIBUTION

Distribution restricted to small region in West Africa, between the Moa River of Sierra Leone to the west, and the Niouniourou River of Ivory Coast to the east, and concentrated in Liberia.

HABITAT

Primarily resides in lowland canopy forests, but will venture to the forest edges and into clearings, or live in montane and upland forests.

BEHAVIOR

Both sexes will defend their territory and their offspring from competitors or other dangers. Captive zebra duiker show diurnal behavior.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feeds on fruit and nuts, and may crack large, thick-shelled nuts with its forehead. Known to eat mice.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous. Gestation is about 225 days, after which a single calf is born. Newborns have a bluish tint to their coat and do not develop adult-like coat coloring and stripes before seven months of age. Weaning occurs close to three months after birth.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Considered to be a Vulnerable species. Only 28,000 remain and are restricted to a small geographical area of 12,000 mi2 (31,000 km2).

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Threatened by bushmeat hunters. ♦

0 0

Post a comment