Whitefaced arboreal spiny rat

Echimys chrysurus

SUBFAMILY

Echimyinae

TAXONOMY

Myoxus chrysurus (Zimmerman, 1780), Suriname.

OTHER COMMON NAMES Portuguese: Conoco, sauia banderira.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Fur is bristly and spiny, with the upper parts brownish red, while the belly and throat are buff colored. A broad white blaze runs from the nose to behind the ears. The last three-quarters of the tail is white with a yellowish tip. Paws are white.

DISTRIBUTION

Guanas and northeastern Brazil.

HABITAT

In dense vegetation along riverbanks and in flooded areas. Uses upper stories of vegetation.

BEHAVIOR

The same size as a familiar European/North American squirrel, but does not move like one, slinking along branches rather

than bounding. This species builds nests of dry leaves in hollow trunks or tree holes, and usually maintains two holes. Echimys chrysurus is nocturnal, and may live in small groups, which may be an extended family. Individuals give loud territorial calls at night.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Nothing is known.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Young born fully furred and with eyes open. Litter size one or two.

CONSERVATION STATUS Vulnerable.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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