Steppe pika

Ochotona pusilla

TAXONOMY

Ochotona pusilla (Pallas, 1769), Orenburgsk Obl, Russia.

OTHER COMMON NAMES English: Little pika.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Body length is 5.9 in (15 cm). Color is darker grayish brown above, lighter below. A small generalized ochotonid.

DISTRIBUTION

Found from the Ural Mountains east across southern Russia and northern Kazakhstan.

HABITAT

Occupies flat meadow and steppe country where it utilizes burrows.

BEHAVIOR

The ecology and behavior of the steppe pika closely resemble that of the plateau pika. The steppe pika is the only truly nocturnal pika. One of its key characteristics is the loudness of its short call, which can be heard over very long distances.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

A generalized herbivore that constructs haypiles.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Have a high reproductive rate; three to five litters are produced per year and litter sizes may contain as many as 13 young. Mating system may vary yearly depending on populations of local territories.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

Common name / Scientific name

Physical characteristics

Habitat and behavior

Distribution

Diel

Conservation status

Alpine pika Ochotona alpina

Collared pika Ochotona collaris

Chinese red pika Ochotona erythrotis

Gaoligong pika Ochotona gaoligongensis

Himalayan pika Ochotona himalayana

Their long, soft, fine fur is usually gray to brown, typically darker above. Short legs and tails. Body length 4.9-11.8 in (12.5— 30 cm); weight 3.5—7.1 oz (100—200 g).

Their long, soft, fine fur is usually gray to brown, typically darker above. Short legs and tails. Body length 4.9—11.8 in (12.5— 30 cm); weight 3.5—7.1 oz (100—200 g).

Their long, soft, fine fur is usually gray to brown, typically darker above. Short legs and tails. Body length 4.9—11.8 in (12.5— 30 cm); weight 3.5—7.1 oz (100—200 g).

Their long, soft, fine fur is usually gray to brown, typically darker above. Short legs and tails. Body length 4.9—11.8 in (12.5— 30 cm); weight 3.5—7.1 oz (100—200 g).

Their long, soft, fine fur is usually gray to brown, typically darker above. Short legs and tails. Body length 4.9—11.8 in (12.5—30 cm); weight 3.5—7.1 oz (100— 200 g).

Open, rocky areas, Including grasslands, northern tundra, and mountain slopes to elevations over 19,000 ft (5,790 m). Diurnal; they do not appear to hibernate. Females produce two or more litters per year.

Open, rocky areas, including grasslands, northern tundra, and mountain slopes to elevations over 19,000 ft (5,790 m). Diurnal; they do not appear to hibernate. Females produce two or more litters per year.

Open, rocky areas, including grasslands, northern tundra, and mountain slopes to elevations over 19,000 ft (5,790 m). Diurnal; they do not appear to hibernate. Females produce two or more litters per year.

Open, rocky areas, including grasslands, northern tundra, and mountain slopes to elevations over 19,000 ft (5,790 m). Diurnal; they do not appear to hibernate. Females produce two or more litters per year.

Open, rocky areas, including grasslands, northern tundra, and mountain slopes to elevations over 19,000 ft (5,790 m). Diurnal; they do not appear to hibernate. Females produce two or more litters per year.

Northwestern Kazakhstan, southern Russia, northwestern Mongolia, and northwestern China.

West-central Mackenzie, southern Yukon, and northwestern British Columbia, Canada; and southeastern Alaska, United States.

West-central China.

Northwest Yunnan, China.

Shrubs, grasses, sedges, herbs, and lichens.

Not listed by IUCN

Shrubs, grasses, sedges, herbs, and lichens.

Not listed by IUCN

Shrubs, grasses, sedges, herbs, and lichens.

Not listed by IUCN

Shrubs, grasses, sedges, herbs, and lichens.

Data Deficient

Mt. Jolmolunga (Everest) area, southern Tibet, China; probably adjacent Nepal.

Shrubs, grasses, sedges, herbs, and lichens.

Not listed by IUCN

[continued]

Common name /

Physical

Habitat and

Conservation

Scientific name

characteristics

behavior

Distribution

Diet

status

Ili pika

Their long, soft, fine fur is usually gray

Open, rocky areas, Including

Xinjiang, China.

Shrubs, grasses,

Vulnerable

Ochotona iliensis

to brown, typically darker above. Short

grasslands, northern tundra,

sedges, herbs, and

legs and tails. Body length 4.9-11.8 in

and mountain slopes to

lichens.

(12.5-30 cm); weight 3.5-7.1 oz (100-

elevations over 19,000 ft

200 g).

(5,790 m). Diurnal; they do

not appear to hibernate.

Females produce two or

more litters per year.

Ladakh pika

Their long, soft, fine fur is usually gray

Open, rocky areas, including

Southwestern Xinjiang,

Shrubs, grasses,

Not listed by

Ochotona ladacensis

to brown, typically darker above. Short

grasslands, northern tundra,

Qinghai, and eastern

sedges, herbs, and

IUCN

legs and tails. Body length 4.9-11.8 in

and mountain slopes to

Tibet, China; Kashmir,

lichens.

(12.5-30 cm); weight 3.5-7.1 oz (100-

elevations over 19,000 ft

India; and Pakistan.

200 g).

(5,790 m). Diurnal; they do

not appear to hibernate.

Females produce two or

more litters per year.

Nubra pika

Their long, soft, fine fur is usually gray to

Open, rocky areas, including

Southern edge of

Shrubs, grasses, sedges,

Not listed by

Ochotona nubrica

brown, typically darker above. Short legs

grasslands, northern tundra,

Tibetan Plateau from

herbs, and lichens.

IUCN

and tails. Body length 4.9-11.8 in (12.5-

and mountain slopes to

Ladakh, India, through

30 cm); weight 3.5-7.1 oz (100-200 g).

elevations over 19,000 ft

Nepal to eastern Tibet,

(5,790 m). Diurnal; they do

China.

not appear to hibernate.

Females produce two or

more litters per year.

Moupin pika

Their long, soft, fine fur is usually gray to

Open, rocky areas, including

Shanxi, Shaanxi,

Shrubs, grasses,

Not listed by

Ochotona thibetana

brown, typically darker above. Short legs

grasslands, northern tundra,

W Hubei, Yunnan,

sedges, herbs, and

IUCN

and tails. Body length 4.9-11.8 in (12.5-

and mountain slopes to

Sichuan, and southern

lichens.

30 cm); weight 3.5-7.1 oz (100-200 g).

elevations over 19,000 ft

Tibet, China; northern

(5,790 m). Diurnal; they do

Myanmar; Sikkim,

not appear to hibernate.

India; and perhaps

Females produce two or

adjacent Bhutan and

more litters per year.

India.

Sardinian pika

Extinct, but likely similar to others in the

Open, rocky areas, including

Mediterranean Islands

Likely shrubs, grasses,

Extinct

Prolagus sardus

family.

grasslands, and mountain

of Corsica and Sardinia, sedges, herbs, and

slopes to elevations over

and adjacent small

lichens.

19,000 ft (5,790 m). Details

islands.

of this extinct animal's

behavior not known.

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