Southern reedbuck

Redunca arundinum

TAXONOMY

Antilope arundinum (Boddaert, 1785), Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Two subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Common reedbuck; French: Cobe des roseaux; German: Grossriedbock; Spanish: Redunca comun.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Body length 4-5.3 ft (120-160 cm); shoulder height 2.1-3.5 ft (65-105 cm); tail length 7.2-12 in (18-30 cm); 86-209 lb (39-95 kg); female smaller than male. Horns 10-18.4 in (25-46 cm). Light brown to gray brown with whitish rings around eyes. Bushy tail is white underneath.

DISTRIBUTION

Subspecies R. a. occidentalis: southern Gabon to Democratic Republic of the Congo, northern Angola and Tanzania, Zambia, and probably northern Malawi and Mozambique; subspecies R. a. arundinum: northeastern Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and eastern South Africa.

HABITAT

Valley and upland grasslands. Requires tall grass, reedbeds, or herbaceous cover, and water.

BEHAVIOR

Old bucks hold permanent territories, usually with an attendant female; other individuals solitary, or in loose herds of up

to 20 animals in the dry season. Runs with an odd rocking-horse motion; characteristic call is a shrill whistle.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Eats grasses and reed shoots; may browse during dry season. REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygynous. Gestation period 7.5 months. Births occur all year, but peak December-May. Weaning age unknown; sexually mature at 1.5 years. Lifespan 10 years.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent. Range and numbers reduced significantly in some areas due to habitat loss and hunting; in Malawi, now largely confined to reserves.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Hunted for sport and for food. ♦

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