Significance to humans

The neotragines are widely represented in traditional and modern African folklore and literature. Many of the species in this group represent the only wild mammals seen routinely by Africans near areas of human settlements. As such, they have great cultural significance by representing a tangible link to nature. These species are relied upon for food and combined they account for a substantial proportion of the trade in bush meat. They are used in traditional ceremonies and for clothing, musical instruments, and other craftwork. Some species represent a minor pest to agriculture, but in most cases the economic benefits of their presence far outweighs the costs.

1. Kirk's dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii); 2. Steenbok (Raphicerus campestris); 3. Oribi (Ourebia ourebi); 4. Salt's dik-dik (Madoqua saltiana); 5. Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus); 6. Dwarf antelope (Neotragus batesi). (Illustration by Gillian Harris)

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