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Justin S. Brashares, PhD

Class Mammalia Order Artiodactyla Suborder Ruminantia Family Bovidae Subfamily Cephalophinae

Thumbnail description

Timid small, tropical antelopes; females often larger than the males; coat color is usually reddish brown, but can be gray, black, or striped; most species have a tuft of hair between a pair of horns; maxillary glands used for scent marking; considered browsers; agile jumpers and hiders; reflect the primitive, ancient lifestyle of bovids


Body length 22-59 in (59-145 cm); shoulder height 12-34 in (30-85 cm); 9-176 lb (6-80 kg)

Number of genera, species

2 genera; 18 species


Dense forest, lowland or high montane forest, savanna, and open bush; closely tied to dense cover for hiding

Conservation status

Endangered: 1 species; Vulnerable: 3 species; Lower Risk/Near Threatened: 9 species; Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent: 3 species; Lower Risk/Least Concern: 2 species

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