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IUCN Species Survival Commission, Caprinae Specialist Group, Marco Festa-Bianchet, Chair. Department of Biology, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec J1K 2R1 Canada. Web site: < .ca:8080/caprinae/iucnwork.htm>

David P. Mallon, PhD

Class Mammalia Order Pholidota Family Manidae Number of families 1

Thumbnail description

Mostly nocturnal ant- and termite-eating animals with a long and tapered body shape; they possess a unique body cover consisting of enormously overlapping scales that are movable and sharp edged (because of this they are also known as scaly anteaters); they have no teeth in their elongated heads but do have extremely long, protrusible tongues for catching prey


Head and body length 12-35 in (30-90 cm), tail length 10-35 in (26-88 cm), and weight 2-77 lb (1-35 kg)

Number of genera, species

1 genus; 7 species


Southern and Southeast Asia, tropical and subtropical parts of Africa

Conservation status

Lower Risk/Near Threatened: 4 species

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