Redflanked duiker

Cephalophus rufilatus

TAXONOMY

Cephalophus rufilatus Gray, 1846, Waterloo Village, Sierra Leone. Two subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Cephalophe a flancs roux; German: Rotflankenducker, Blauruckenducker; Spanish: Duiker de flancos rojos.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Medium-sized antelope: length 24-28 in (60-70 cm); height 12-16 in (30-40 cm); weight 20-26 lb (9-12 kg). Dark gold to reddish brown coat with dark brown to black legs; bluish black band along the spine; dark nose and face, with blue-black

stripe running from the forehead to the muzzle, and a white upper lip and lower jaw. Maxillary glands.

DISTRIBUTION

Found in the eastern coastal forests of KwaZulu-Natal, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and Togo.

HABITAT

Lives in gallery forests in West and Central Africa, in coastal forests of highly confined regions of southern Africa, along forest edges, and in woodlands.

BEHAVIOR

Territorial animal that marks boundaries, young, and mate with scent cues. Emits shrill bark when alarmed.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Leaves make up approximately 60% of the diet, which is supplemented by twigs, flowers, and fruits. Consumes grasses and fungi in small quantities.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

The average gestation time is 240 days. Assumed monogamous.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Classified as a Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent species; less threatened by habitat loss than any other species. An estimated 170,000 remain.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Purchased from bush meat markets in the Ivory Coast for dietary protein. ♦

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