Prehensiletailed hutia

Mysateles prehensilis

OTHER COMMON NAMES None known.

TAXONOMY

Mysateles prehensilis (Poeppig, 1824), Cuba.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

22-30 in (55-75 cm); 3.1-4.2 lb (1.4-1.9 kg). Fur is darker gray to black above and lighter below.

DISTRIBUTION

Cuba.

HABITAT

Forest and mangrove.

BEHAVIOR

Arboreal and partly diurnal, they climb exceptionally well and have partially prehensile tails.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET Leaves, bark, and fruit.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nothing is known.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened; one of only two non-threatened species of hutia.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Widely hunted for food. ♦

Common name /

Scientific name/

Physical

Habitat and

Conservation

Other common names

characteristics

behavior

Distribution

Diet

status

Eared hutia

Upperparts a variety of buff, yellow, red,

Forests or rocky areas. Seem

Las Villas Province,

Leaves, bark, fruits,

Critically

Mesocapromys auritus

gray, brown, and black shades;

to be basically arboreal.

Cuba.

lizards, and other small

Endangered

English: Large-eared hutia

underparts usually paler. Coat has long,

animals.

coarse guard hairs and softer underfur.

Hairy tail. Head and body length 8.7-

19.7 in (22-50 cm); tail length 5.9-11.8

in (15-30 cm); weight 17.6-24.7 oz

(500-700 g).

Dwarf hutia

Upperparts a variety of buff, yellow, red,

Forests or rocky areas. Seem

Matanzas Province,

Leaves, bark, fruits,

Critically

Mesocapromys nanus

gray, brown, and black shades; under

to be basically arboreal.

Cuba.

lizards, and other small

Endangered

parts usually paler. Coat has long, coarse

animals.

guard hairs and softer underfur. Hairy tail.

Head and body length 8.7-19.7 in (22-

50 cm); tail length 5.9-11.8 in (15-30

cm); weight 17.6-24.7 oz (500-700 g).

Black-tailed hutia

Upperparts a variety of buff, yellow, red,

Forests or rocky areas.

Eastern provinces of

Leaves, bark, fruits,

Lower Risk/Near

Mysateles melanurus

gray, brown, and black shades; under

Seem to be basically

Cuba.

lizards, and other small

Threatened

English: Bushy-tailed hutia

parts usually paler. Coat has long, coarse

arboreal. May be nocturnal.

animals.

guard hairs and softer underfur. Hairy

tail. Head and body length 8.7-19.7 in

(22-50 cm); tail length 5.9-11.8 in (15-

30 cm); weight 17.6-24.7 oz (500-

700 g).

Bahamian hutia

Upperparts yellowish gray, dark brown,

Small, semi-arid island of

East Plana Key,

Bark, small twigs, and

Vulnerable

Geocapromys ingrahami

or blackish; underparts buffy gray or

East Plana Key, Bahamas.

Bahamas.

leaves.

English: Ingraham's hutia

dusky brown. Short, dense fur, and

Almost completely nocturnal,

short, rounded ears.

feeding at night.

Samana hutia

Living species of the genus have short,

Forests from sea level to

Hispaniola.

Likely vegetation and

Extinct

Plagiodontia ipnaeum

dense fur with upperparts brownish or

6,560 ft (2,000 m). Likely

small animals.

grayish and underparts buffy. Likely

nocturnal and arboreal.

larger than 2.8 lb (1,267 g).

Puerto Rican hutia

Similar in size to Plagiodontia.

No information on this

Hispaniola and offshore

Likely vegetation and

Critically

Isolobodon portoricensis

possibly extinct species.

islands; introduced on

small animals.

Endangered

Puerto Rico, St.

Thomas, St. Croix, and

Mona Islands.

Imposter hutia

Similar in size to Capromys pilorides.

No information on this extinct

Hispaniola and La

Likely vegetation and

Extinct

Hexolobodon phenax

species.

Gonave Island.

small animals.

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