Beck-King, H., O. von Helversen, and R. Beck-King. "Home Range, Population Density, and Food Resources of Agouti paca (Rodentiia: Agoutidae) in Costa Rica: A Study Using Alternative Methods." Biotropica 31: (1999): 675-685.

Estrada, A., R. Coates-Estrada, and D. Merrit Jr. "Non-flying Mammals and Landscape Changes in the Tropical Rain Forest Region of Los Tuxtlas, Mexico." Ecography 17: (1994): 229-241.

Peres, E. M. "Agoutipaca." Mammaian Species 404: (1992): 1-7.

Sabatini, V., and M. J. R. Paranhos de Costa. "Caecotrophy in Pacas (Agouti paca Linnaeus, 1766)." Mammalian Biology 66: (2001): 305-307.

Terbough, J., and J. S. Wright. "Effects of Mammalian Herbivores on Plant Recruitment in Two Neotropical Forests." Ecology, 75 (1994): 1829-1833.

Adrian A. Barnett, PhD

Class Mammalia Order Rodentia Suborder Hystricognathi Family Ctenomyidae

Thumbnail description

Small- to medium-sized herbivores, big head, strong and big incisors, reduced ears, heavily built body, medium tail, powerful nails with supraungual comb-like hairs


Body length 8.6-16.9 in (22-43 cm); weight 3.5-38.8 oz (100-1,100 g)

Number of genera, species

1 genus; 58 species



Conservation status

Vulnerable: 1 species; Lower Risk/Near Threatened: 3 species

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