Malayan pangolin

Manis javanica

SUBFAMILY

Maninae

TAXONOMY

Manis javanica Desmarest, 1822, Java, Indonesia. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Pangolin javanais; Spanish: Pangolin malayo. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Mayalan pangolins have a head and body length of 1.6-2.0 ft (50-60 cm) and a tail length of 1.6-2.6 ft (50-80 cm). Their weight is unknown. They have amber-yellow to blackish brown scales, with whitish skin and fine, light hairs at the base of the body scales. The species possesses small, undeveloped, external ears and a scale-clad tail.

DISTRIBUTION

Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Malay Peninsula and many small nearby islands, Sumatra and Nias and Pagai islands to west, Bangka and Belitung islands, Java, Bali, Borneo, Palawan and Culion islands (Philippines), and Lombok.

HABITAT

This species prefers sandy open country. BEHAVIOR

Malayan pangolins are nocturnal, and are predominantely terrestrial but also like to climb. During the day they sleep, often curled up in forked branches, in ferns, or in other plants growing on trees. They move with agility both on the ground and in trees. They are also able to hang by the tip of their tail.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Some zoologists report that they eat mostly termites, while others say that their primary food is ants and their pupae.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Their gestation period is unknown. Females give birth to 1-2 young at a time. Weight at birth is unknown. Weaning, sexual maturity, and life span are unknown.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Lower Risk/Near Threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS They are hunted for meat. ♦

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