Javan shorttailed porcupine

Hystrix javanica

SUBFAMILY

Hystricinae

TAXONOMY

Acanthion javanicum (F. Cuvier, 1823), Java, Indonesia. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Sunda porcupine, Malaysian short-tailed porcupine. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The weight averages about 17.6 lb (8 kg), head and body length is 17.9-28.9 in (45.5-73.5 cm), and the tail length is 2.4-5.1 in (6.0-13.0 cm). Quill arrangement and structure resemble subgenus Thecurus.

DISTRIBUTION

Java, Lombok, Madura, Sumbawa, Flores and nearby island of Tanah Djampa, Rintja, and southwestern Sulawesi (presumably only through human introduction).

HABITAT

Forests, lowlands, hills, cultivated areas.

BEHAVIOR Nocturnal; terrestrial.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Fallen fruits including oil palm, roots, and stems.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Gestation period, number of young at birth, weight at birth, weaning period, and sexual maturity are all similar to those of family.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

Kangaroo Sexual Anatomy

H Hystrix javanica H Trichys fasciculata

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Hunted for meat. Eat farmers' crops, and are thus perceived as pests. ♦

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