Indonesian porcupine

Hystrix pumila

SUBFAMILY

Hystricinae

TAXONOMY

Hystrix pumila (Günther, 1879), Palawan, Philippines.

OTHER COMMON NAMES English: Palawan porcupine.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Body length is 1.4-3.0 ft (42-93 cm), tail length is 1.0-7.5 in (2.5-19 cm), and weight is 8.4-11.9 lb (3.8-5.4 kg). Short, rounded head; no head or neck mane; upper side is dark brown to black and partially speckled in light color; underside is brown to gray-white. Body is densely covered with flattened quills, each grooved longitudinally and increasing in rigidity near tip. Quills are smaller along tail and more flexible on underside. Coarse, bristle-like hairs cover feet. Nasal bones are small. Subgenus Thecurus resembles subgenus Hystrix in having a shorter tail and longer quills. It resembles subgenus Acanthion in that it lacks a well-defined crest and its quills have only one black band.

DISTRIBUTION

Palawan, Busuanga, and Balabac Islands (Philippines).

HABITAT

Lowland secondary and primary forests, abandoned and active plantations, and rugged areas.

BEHAVIOR

Takes refuge in ground caves, rock crevasses, and under fallen trees; frequently two, seldom one or three animals per den; poor climber.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

An assortment of vegetation (similar to family).

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Gestation period is 93-105 days. Mean life span is 9.5 years in captivity.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Hunted for meat. Eat farmers' crops. ♦

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