Himalayan goral

Naemorhedus goral

TAXONOMY

Naemorhedus goral (Hardwicke, 1825), Nepal.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Goral; German: Goral; Spanish: Goral.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Goral have a stocky build. Head and body length is 32-51 in (82-130 cm), height 22-31 in (57-78 cm), and weight 55-66 lb (25-30 kg). Both sexes have short, sharp, backward-curving

H Ammotragus lervia H Ovibos moschatus H Capricornis sumatrensis

horns 5-6 in (12-15 cm) long. Color is gray to dark brown with a darker stripe down the center of the back and a short crest of hairs in males. There is a conspicuous white throat patch.

DISTRIBUTION

The Himalaya from Pakistan to Arunachal Pradesh in eastern India and adjacent parts of Tibet.

HABITAT

Forested mountains from 3,280-13,120 ft (1,000-4,000 m), preferring precipitous slopes.

BEHAVIOR

Mainly active in the early morning and late afternoon. Live in small groups of up to 12; adult males are usually solitary.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Grass, herbs, and shrubs. The diet has not been studied in detail.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygamous. Mating takes place November-December. Young are born in April-May in the western Himalaya, later in the east.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. No population estimates available.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Hunted for meat and to a lesser extent for sport. ♦

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