Small Mammals In The Fl Everglades

Tree squirrels occur in forests, woodlands, gardens, urban areas, and agricultural landscapes. Space and habitat use is ex-

Big Cypres Fox Squirell
A big cypress fox squirrel (Sciurus niger avicennia) foraging in the Florida Everglades. (Photo by J. H. Robinson/Photo Researchers, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

tremely flexible and linked to the spatial and temporal distribution of resources. Social organization encompasses individual territoriality and overlapping home ranges with territorial female core areas in habitats where food is sparse and patchily distributed. In contrast, male space use appears to be affected by access to females during the breeding period. There are three known strategies: males adapt their use of space to overlap with as many females as possible; make

Big Cypress Fox Squirrel Habitat
An eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger) foraging among leaf litter. (Photo by © DigitalVision/PictureQuest. Reproduced by permission.)

Smith's tree squirrels (Paraxerus cepapi) are diurnal, arboreal animals, living in small family groups but foraging alone, sometimes on the ground. They eat a wide range of vegetable matter and insects, and cache food. They are easily habituated to people, and sometimes take up residence in the roofs of houses. (Photo by Ann & Steve Toon Wildlife Photography. Reproduced by permission.)

Smith's tree squirrels (Paraxerus cepapi) are diurnal, arboreal animals, living in small family groups but foraging alone, sometimes on the ground. They eat a wide range of vegetable matter and insects, and cache food. They are easily habituated to people, and sometimes take up residence in the roofs of houses. (Photo by Ann & Steve Toon Wildlife Photography. Reproduced by permission.)

excursions out of their normal home range to visit estrus females; or track female movements. In areas where several species co-occur such as in African rainforest habitats, Emmons in 1980 found that two of nine species were restricted to specific habitats, foraging by the different species occurred at different heights on and above the ground in the trees, and there was a temporal partitioning with differences in the timing of the active period. In addition, the species differed in body size with resulting differences in their diet.

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