The neotragines have adapted to a broad range of habitats. For example, the dikdiks (Madoqua sp.) primarily occur in dry scrub or thorn-brush habitats, while the tiny royal and dwarf antelopes (Neotragus pygmeus and N. batesi) occupy lush undergrowth in equatorial forests. Several species are desert-adapted and require little or no water. Even a single, widely distributed species like the oribi (Ourebia ourebi) thrives in more than nine distinct habitat types, from sub-desert scrub to lush coastal savanna and forest clearings. With regard to habitat selection, the klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus) is unique among the Neotraginae in that it has adapted to life on rocky hilltops and mountain slopes. In all of these habitats, animals require access to some form of cover for both hiding from predators and avoiding the often brutal midday sun.

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