Feeding ecology and diet

New World porcupines typically prefer fruits and seeds, but when these are limited, they are known to dine on leaves and bark. Sphiggurus insidiosus and S. spinosus also eat ant pupae and roots. In all species, feeding occurs at night during the porcupines' nighttime feeding forays.

A juvenile tree porcupine (Coendou sp.) in a tree in the Upper Amazon in Peru, South America. (Photo by Animals Animals ©John Pontier. Reproduced by permission.)
The prehensile-tailed porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) uses its tail to aid in climbing. (Photo by Dr. Lloyd Glenn Ingles © California Academy of Sciences. Reproduced by permission.)
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