Feeding ecology and diet

Cephalophinae have diverse diets and notable feeding habits, preferring the leaves, shoots, and tender branches of

A male blue duiker (Cephalophus monticola) drinks at a small stream. (Photo by Leonard Lee Rue III. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

The bush duiker (Sylvicapragrimmia) is also known as Grimm's duiker. (Photo by Kenneth W. Fink/Photo Researchers, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

A yellow-backed duiker (Cephalophus silvicultor) in central Africa. (Photo by Kenneth Fink. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

A black duiker (Cephalophus niger) grazing in the late afternoon. (Photo by Kenneth W. Fink. Bruce Coleman, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

The zebra duiker (Cephalophus zebra) is found in forested areas of the midwestern part of Africa (Photo by Kenneth W. Fink. Reproduced by permission.)

The bay duiker (Cephalophus dorsalis) eats primarily fruits and seeds. (Photo by © Kevin Schafer/Corbis. Reproduced by permission.)

trees and bushes, fruits, and seeds. As much as 90% of the animal's diet may be derived from fruits and leaves, with some seasonal variation. They can often be found grazing beneath trees on the fruits and seeds dropped by monkeys. Occasionally, they will eat insects, eggs, birds, and small mammals. Cephalophinae are known to raid plantations adjacent to forests for palm nuts, mangoes, and cocoa pods.

Cephlophinae conduct most foraging between dusk and dawn. The rainy season deposits enough moisture on the leaves of bushes and trees for the animals to meet their fluid needs.

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