Feeding ecology and diet

Bovinae include grazers, grazer-browsers (mixed feeders), and browsers. Some such as the bushbuck (Tragelaphus scrip-tus) also eat fruits and seed pods. Tragelaphines are primarily browsers feeding on twigs, leaves, fruits, and new shoots of woody species as well as forbs and sometimes grasses, especially when the latter are newly growing. Larger species such as members of Bos and Bison rely more heavily on grasses and forbs but will browse when fresh young growth of shrubs is available. In the African buffalo, the smaller forest subspecies relies on browse rather than grasses, while the larger Cape buffalo feeds almost exclusively on grasses in the savanna, open bush, and riverine habitats it occupies.

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