Edible dormouse

Myoxus glis

SUBFAMILY

Myoxinae

TAXONOMY

Myoxus glis (Linnaeus, 1766), Germany. Nine subspecies. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Fat dormouse; French: Loir, loir gris; German: Siebenschläfer; Spanish: Liron (Castillian), liron gris, rata dur-midora (Catalan).

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length 5.1-7.5 in (13-19 cm), tail 4.3-5.9 in (11-15 cm); weight 2.4-6.3 oz (70-180 g). Color is silvery gray, white underneath.

DISTRIBUTION

Europe, Iran, and Turkmenistan. HABITAT

Deciduous and mixed forests, orchards. BEHAVIOR

One of the most agile of arboreal dormice—recorded making tree-to-tree leaps of more than 23 ft (7 m).

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Seeds, nuts, berries, and fruit. Insects in summer.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Apparently a territorial species, with males scent-marking boundaries. Male assists in raising of young and families may stay together through hibernation.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Classified as Lower Risk/Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Historically regarded as a food source, particularly as a delicacy. Considered a pest of fruit and vine crops. ♦

Common name / Scientific name

Physical characteristics

Habitat and behavior

Distribution

Diet

Conservation status

Jentink's dormouse Graphlurus crasslcaudatus

Kellen's dormouse Graphlurus kellenl

Woodland dormouse Graphiurus murinus

Savanna dormouse Graphiurus parvus

Stone dormouse Graphiurus rupicola

Silent dormouse Graphiurus surdus

Woolly dormouse Dryomys laniger

Asian garden dormouse Eliomys melanurus

Masked mouse-tailed dormouse

Myomimus personatus

Upperparts range from pale ashy gray to dark slaty gray, and from buffy to reddish brown, tinged with grayish. Underparts are white to grayish, often tinged with buff or reddish brown. Face has black and white markings. Head and body length 2.8-6.5 in (7-16.5 cm) and tail length 2.0-5.3 in (5-13.5 cm).

Upperparts range from pale ashy gray to dark slaty gray, and from buffy to reddish brown, tinged with grayish. Underparts are white to grayish, often tinged with buff or reddish brown. Face has black and white markings. Head and body length 2.8-6.5 in (7-16.5 cm) and tail length 2.0-5.3 in (5-13.5 cm).

Upperparts range from pale ashy gray to dark slaty gray, and from buffy to reddish brown, tinged with grayish. Underparts are white to grayish, often tinged with buff or reddish brown. Face has black and white markings. Head and body length 2.8-6.5 in (7-16.5 cm) and tail length 2.0-5.3 in (5-13.5 cm).

Upperparts range from pale ashy gray to dark slaty gray, and from buffy to reddish brown, tinged with grayish. Underparts are white to grayish, often tinged with buff or reddish brown. Face has black and white markings. Head and body length 2.8-6.5 in (7-16.5 cm) and tail length 2.0-5.3 in (5-13.5 cm).

Upperparts range from pale ashy gray to dark slaty gray, and from buffy to reddish brown, tinged with grayish. Underparts are white to grayish, often tinged with buff or reddish brown. Face has black and white markings. Head and body length 2.8-5 in (7-16.5 cm) and tail length 2.0-5.3 in (5-13.5 cm).

Upperparts range from pale ashy gray to dark slaty gray, and from buffy to reddish brown, tinged with grayish. Underparts are white to grayish, often tinged with buff or reddish brown. Face has black and white markings. Head and body length 2.8-6.5 in (7-16.5 cm) and tail length 2.0-5.3 in (5-13.5 cm).

Upperparts grayish brown to yellowish brown; underparts buffy white. Head and body length 3.1-5.1 in (8-13 cm); tail length 2.4-4.4 in (6-11.3 cm); and weight 0.6-1.2 oz (18-34 g).

Upperparts range through several gray and brown shades; underparts are creamy or white. Head and body length 3.9-6.9 in (10-17.5 cm); tail length 3.5-5.3 in (9-13.5 cm); and weight 1.64.2 oz (45-120 g).

Upperparts are a combination of ochraceous and gray; underparts, insides of the limbs, and feet are white. Mouse-like tail. Head and body length (6.1-12 cm); tail length (5.3-9.4 cm); weight 0.7-2.0 oz (21-56 g).

Forests and rocky areas near waterways. Nocturnal, though active during the day in dark forests.

Forests and rocky areas near waterways. Nocturnal, though active during the day in dark forests.

Forests and rocky areas near waterways. Nocturnal, though active during the day in dark forests.

Forests and rocky areas near waterways. Nocturnal, though active during the day in dark forests.

Forests and rocky areas near waterways. Nocturnal, though active during the day in dark forests.

Forests and rocky areas near waterways. Nocturnal, though active during the day in dark forests.

Lives In forests and thickets. Nocturnal and arboreal.

Forest, swamps, rocky areas, cultivated fields, and steppe desert. Most active at night.

Open areas with trees. Little is known of behavior

Liberia to Cameroon; Grains, seeds, nuts, perhaps Bioko Island. fruits, insects, eggs, and small vertebrates.

Grains, seeds, nuts, fruits, insects, eggs, and small vertebrates.

Sudan and Ethiopia, south to South Africa; through Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) to southern Angola.

Sierra Leone and Mali Grains, seeds, nuts, east to Nigeria; Sudan, fruits, insects, eggs,

Ethiopia, and Somalia and small vertebrates. south to Tanzania.

Namibia and north- Grains, seeds, nuts, western South Africa. fruits, insects, eggs, and small vertebrates.

Equatorial Guinea and Grains, seeds, nuts, southern Cameroon. fruits, insects, eggs, and small vertebrates.

Southwestern Turkey.

Seeds, buds, fruits, arthropods, eggs, and young birds.

Southern Turkey and Acorns, nuts, fruits, the Middle East, into insects, small rodents, northern Africa. and young birds.

Northeastern Iran, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

Seeds, nuts, fruits, grain, insects, eggs, and small vertebrates.

Not listed by IUCN

Angola, Zambia, Grains, seeds, nuts, Malawi, and Zimbabwe. fruits, insects, eggs, and small vertebrates.

Not listed by IUCN

Not listed by IUCN

Not listed by IUCN

Not listed by IUCN

Data Deficient

Lower Risk/Near Threatened

Lower Risk/Near Threatened

Vulnerable

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Common name / Scientific name

Physical characteristics

Habitat and behavior Distribution

Diet

Conservation status

Setzer's mouse-tailed dormouse Myomimus setzeri

Upperparts are a combination of ochraceous and gray; underparts, insides of the limbs, and feet are white. Mouse-like tail. Head and body length (6.1-12 cm); tail length (5.3-9.4 cm); weight 0.7-2.0 oz (21-56 g).

Open areas with trees. Little Western Iran. is known of behavior.

Seeds, nuts, fruits, grain, insects, eggs, and small vertebrates.

Endangered

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