Distribution

The Neotraginae occur widely across Africa and nowhere else. At least one member of this group can be found in every African country south of the Sahara Desert. Areas of highest density include the Horn of Africa and the equatorial forests, but large populations occur across a diverse array of regions

A. Suni (Neotragus moschatus) scent-marking grass with its pre-orbital glands (1). Other sources of scent are (2) pedal glands, (3) urine, (4) inguinal (genital) glands, and (5) feces. B. Oribi (Ourebia ourebi) head, showing swollen preorbital gland (1) and the post-auricular gland (6), peculiar to oribis. (Illustration by Gillian Harris)

A. Suni (Neotragus moschatus) scent-marking grass with its pre-orbital glands (1). Other sources of scent are (2) pedal glands, (3) urine, (4) inguinal (genital) glands, and (5) feces. B. Oribi (Ourebia ourebi) head, showing swollen preorbital gland (1) and the post-auricular gland (6), peculiar to oribis. (Illustration by Gillian Harris)

and biotic zones. The historic, or Paleolithic, distribution of this subfamily includes North Africa and perhaps beyond, but today no natural population occurs further north than Mauritania.

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