The Hippotraginae are confined to Africa and Arabia. The members of the tribe Reduncini are grassland and wetland antelopes, the bohor and southern reedbuck occupying northern and southern lowland savannas, respectively, while the mountain reedbuck occurs in three widely separated relict populations in Cameroon, East Africa, and southeast Africa. The waterbuck is widespread in sub-Saharan savannas, the el-lipsiprymnus group of subspecies ranging from East Africa to southern Africa, almost entirely east of the Great Rift Valley, and the defassa group occurring west of the rift. The lechwes are confined to wetlands of central-southern Africa and Sudan/Ethiopia, while the kob and the puku occur in the northern and southern savanna zones, respectively. The gray rhebok is confined to upland areas of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland.

In the Hippotragini, the roan antelope ranges from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to South Africa, while the sable antelope is largely confined to eastern Africa. The other members of this tribe are dry-country species: the addax and the scimitar-horned oryx occur in the Sahel and Sahara zones, the Arabian oryx in the Arabian peninsula, and the gemsbok in East Africa and southwestern Africa.

Restricted-range species within the Alcelaphini include the blesbok/bontebok of South Africa and Hunter's hartebeest of Kenya and Somalia. The topi has a fragmented distribution in savannas from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to South Africa. Lichtenstein's hartebeest occurs in savanna from East Africa to southern Africa, while the red hartebeest ranges from Senegal to Somalia and south to Tanzania, and from southern Angola to Zimbabwe and South Africa. The blue wildebeest occurs in grasslands from Kenya and Angola to South

Africa, but the black wildebeest only in South Africa. The impala is widespread in savanna woodland from Kenya to Angola and South Africa.

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