Class Mammalia Order Rodentia Suborder Hystricognathi Family Dasyproctidae

Thumbnail description

Rabbit-sized, large-headed, short-eared, long-legged forest rodent with glossy fur and hind legs conspicuously longer than front legs, giving a "dragster-like" appearance when moving


Dasyprocta: Head and body length, 12.6-25.2 in (32-64 cm); tail, 0.4-2.75 in (1-7 cm); weight, 1.3-8.8 lb (0.6-4 kg); Myoprocta: Head and body length, 12.6-14.9 in (32-38 cm); tail, 1.8-2.75 in (4.5-7 cm); weight, 1.3-2.8 lb (0.6-1.3 kg)

Number of genera, species

2 genera; 13 species


Rainforest, secondary forest, scrub, cultivated areas and parks; to 6,560 ft (2,000 m)

Conservation status

Endangered: 2 species; Lower Risk/Near Threatened: 1 species; Vulnerable: 1 species; Data Deficient: 3 species


Central and South America


Central and South America

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