Andean mouse

Andinomys edax

TAXONOMY

Andinomys edax Thomas, 1902, El Cabrado, Potosi Department, Bolivia. Formerly placed in the phyllotine tribe.

OTHER COMMON NAMES Spanish: Rata andina.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Total length 10.1-12.4 in (257-315 mm), tail length 4.2-6.3 in (107-160 mm), hindfoot length 1.2-1.3 in (30-32 mm), ear

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

length 0.9-1.1 in (22-27 mm). Heavy-bodied. Pelage soft, lax, upperparts and sides drab, underparts gray. The tail is thinly haired and sharply bicolored. Feet are well developed.

DISTRIBUTION

High-altitude regions of northwestern Argentina, Bolivia, northern Chile, and southern Peru.

HABITAT

It lives in the puna in dense vegetation near water courses and bushy thickets.

BEHAVIOR

Nocturnal; terrestrial, but may also be scansorial. It nests inside round holes carpeted with fine straw.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feeds on green herbs.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Breeds at the end of the dry season. A female collected by O. Pearson on December 18 had three well-developed embryos.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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