Siberian ibex

Capra sibirica (Pallas, 1776), Sayan Mountains, Siberia, Russia. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Asiatic ibex French Bouquetin d'Asie German Sibirischer steinbock Spanish Sakin altai. The largest and heaviest member of the genus, with the longest horns. Head and body length 67 in (171 cm), height 43 in (110 cm), and weight 286 lb (130 kg). Horns are scimitarlike, swept back and laterally compressed, with prominent transverse ridges on the front surface and reach 60 in (148 cm). Horns of females are...

Beavers

North America, Asia, and Europe except desert and tundra regions North America, Asia, and Europe except desert and tundra regions The Rodentia is a monophyletic mammalian order. Molecular evidence suggests a close association of Castoridae to the Geomyidae (pocket mice and pocket gophers). The two beaver species differ by eight chromosomes of Castor (40 for the North American and 48 for the Eurasian beaver). The genus Castor dates to the early Pliocene late Miocene boundary, separating from...

Roundeared sengi

Macroscelides proboscideus (Shaw, 1800), Roodeval, Oudtshoorn Division, Cape Province, South Africa. English Short-eared sengi, jumping shrew French Macroscelide d'Afrique du sud, rat trompe d'Afrique du sud German Kurzohr-r sselspringer Afrikaans Ronde-oorklaasneus. The round-eared sengi is among the smallest of the living sengi species. The adult head and body length runs 3.5-4.5 in (95-115 mm), the long tail adding another 4-5.5 in (97-135 mm). Adult weight is 1-2 oz (30-50 g). The body fur...

Rufous sengi

Elephantulus rufescens (Peters, 1878), Ndi, Taita, Kenya. OTHER COMMON NAMES English East African long-nosed sengi French Rat a trompe rouge German Rotbraune Elefantenspitzmaus. Adult rufous sengis weigh 1.5-3.5 oz (41-98 g). The head and body length runs 8-11.5 in (202-290 mm), the tail about the same length. The fur is long and soft, the upper coat colored sandy brown, light gray or light orange, while the underparts are white or grayish. A patchwork of white spots and black streaks on the...

North African sengi

Elephantulus rozeti (Duvernoy, 1833), near Oran, Algeria. OTHER COMMON NAMES French Macrosc lide de l'Afrique du nord German Nordafrikanische Elefantenspitzmaus Spanish Musara a elefante norteafricana. The adult head and body length averages about 5 in (125 mm), tail length is about the same, and adult weight is around 1.5 oz (45 g). The fur is soft and often closely and remarkably simulates the local color of the soil, usually some shade of yellowish brown. North African sengis live in...

Blacktailed prairie dog

Arctomys ludoviciana (Ord, 1815), Upper Missouri River. Seven subspecies. French Chien de prairie, cynomys social German Schwarz-schwanz-Prariehund Spanish Perrito de la pradera. 14.0-15.7 in (35.5-39.8 cm) males 26.5-31.9 oz (750-905 g), females 24.3-28.9 oz (689-819 g). Brown or reddish brown, whitish below. In Canada, restricted to southern Saskatchewan. In the United States, exists from Montana east to eastern Nebraska and as far south as Mexico extirpated from Arizona. Prefers open, flat,...

Silvery mountain vole

Alticola argentatus Severtzov, 1879, Kazakhstan. Nine subspecies are recognized the taxonomic status of several is unclear. Central Asia in the Tien Shan mountains. HABITAT Alpine scree slopes and other rocky areas. Both nocturnal and diurnal. It builds large nests among rocks and is also active underneath snow cover during the winter. Foliage, stems, seeds, and roots. They construct food stores of cut plants that they dry in the sun before caching for the winter months. Produces 2-3 litters of...

Significance to humans

Prehensile Tails Humans

The quills of some species are used in artwork. The prehensile-tailed porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) uses its prehensile tail to climb from branch to branch. (Photo by Martin Harvey Gallo Images Corbis. Reproduced by permission.) The prehensile-tailed porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) uses its prehensile tail to climb from branch to branch. (Photo by Martin Harvey Gallo Images Corbis. Reproduced by permission.) 1. Prehensile-tailed porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) 2....

Evolution and systematics

The subfamily Hippotraginae, the grazing antelopes, includes 24 species in 11 genera. Fossil bovids first appear in early Miocene deposits the earliest African material being from Libya about 20 million years ago. Analysis of mitochondrial DNA suggests there was a rapid radiation of the family in that period, perhaps in association with the emergence of savanna habitat in Africa, and that all living lineages had arisen by 16-17 million years ago (mya). The subfamily classification used...

Mzab gundi

Ctenodactylus mzabi (Lataste, 1881), Ghardaia, northern Algeria. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Lataste's gundi French Goundi du Sahara German Langhaargundi. Head and body 6.7-9.5 in (17-24 cm) tail 1.4 in (3.5 cm) captive males averaged 6.05 oz (172 g), females 6.85 oz (194 g). Various shades of yellow, brown or buff ears round and flat tail bushy. Central Sahara Desert in Algeria, northern Niger, northwestern Chad, northeastern Mali, and southwestern Libya. Rock outcrops and mountains in desert...

African brushtailed porcupine

Atherura africana Gray, 1842, Sierra Leone. English West African brush-tailed porcupine. Slender, rat-like creature, with distinctive long tail (that is easily broken off), tipped with a tuft of bristles. (Similar features to Atherurus macrourus.) Weight is 2.2-8.8 lb (1-4 kg), head and body length is 14.4-23.6 in (36.5-60.0) cm, and tail length is 3.9-10.2 in (10-26 cm). Body is long and slender, but legs are wide and short. Body color varies from black to dark grayish brown on upper side and...

Aurochs

Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758, Poloniaelig (or Uppsala, Sweden, according to Thomas). English Wild cattle, wild ox French Aurochs German Ur. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Body length 118 in (300 cm) shoulder height 68.8-72.8 in (175-185 cm) tail length 55 in (140 cm) weight 1,763-2,204 lb (800-1,000 kg). Sexual dimorphism is moderate, with females 20 smaller than males males had horns, up to 31.5 in (80 cm), that extended sideways and then turned upwards and forwards. Females had notably smaller horns....

Klipspringer

Antilope oreotragus (Zimmermann, 1783), Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Eleven proposed subspecies. French Oreotrague German Klippspringer. Small, compact antelope with rounded hindquarters and blunt muzzle. Walks on tips of extended hooves. Length 32-39 in (82-100 cm) height 18-24 in (45-60 cm) weight 20-35 lb (9-16 kg). Fur is coarse, hollow, and tawny to gray in appearance. Underside and ear linings light gray to white. Horns straight and annulated in males, up to 6 in (15 cm) in length,...

Yellowbacked duiker

Cephalophus silvicultor (Afzelius, 1815), Sierra Leone and the Pongas and Quia Rivers of Guinea. Two subspecies. French C phalophe a dos jaune German Gelbr ckenducker, Riesenducker. Largest of the duikers length 46-58 in (115-145 cm) height 25-34 in (65-85 cm) weight 99-176 lb (45-80 kg). Dark brown to black coat with white or orange short tufts of hair along the back gray muzzle and white lips, and maxillary glands. Ridged, wedge-shaped horns grow on both males and females. Senegal to...

Reproductive biology

Most of our general knowledge of reproduction in lago-morphs comes from investigations on the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Rabbits are known to be reflex, or induced, ovulators. Females may come into heat and be attractive to males, but the act of copulation is needed to stimulate ovulation, which occurs about 12 hours after mating. It is assumed that this pattern is followed in other lago-morphs. Another interesting twist in lagomorph reproductive biology is the phenomena of...

Physical characteristics

Body shape of members of this family varies from relatively small, slender-limbed species such as the gazelles to the massive, stocky wild cattle. The forequarters are either larger than the hind, as in many large species like wild cattle, wildebeest, and tragelaphine antelopes, or the reverse, as in smaller species inhabiting dense tropical forests such as duikers (Cephalophinae). Bovids encompass an extremely wide size range, starting with the diminutive dwarf antelopes (Neotragus), which...

Indian crested porcupine

OTHER COMMON NAMES English Indian porcupine, long-tailed porcupine. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Subgenus Hystrix is distinguished externally from other genera by relatively larger size, shorter tail and presence of rattle quills. Head and body length is 27.6-35.4 in (70-90 cm) in length and tail length 3.2-3.9 in (8-10 cm). Weight is 24.3-39.7 lb (11-18 kg). Short, high head has long, spiny head-neck mane whose length can be up to 16 in (40 cm). Hair is modified...

Feeding ecology and diet

Agoutis eat primarily fallen fruit, but their diet also includes insects and shoots. They collect and store seeds and fruit, rarely eating those that have freshly fallen, preferring those in their various scattered and perpetually replenished larders. Some of their stores are forgotten, so agoutis and A central American agouti (Dasyprocta punctata) near its burrow in Costa Rica. (Photo by Animals Animals J. & C. Sohns. Reproduced by permission.) A central American agouti (Dasyprocta...

Rio de Janeiro rice rat

Phaenomys ferrugineus (Thomas, 1984), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Formerly placed in the Thomasomyine tribe. OTHER COMMON NAMES Portuguese Rato do mato ferrugineo. Measurements of the holotype total length 13.2 in (335 mm), tail length 7.4 in (187 mm), hindfoot length 1.3 in (34 mm), ear length 0.7 in (17 mm). Pelage is dorsally rust-colored, cheeks and sides are lighter, and the underparts are whitish. Ears are small and well furred. The tail is unicolored, dark gray. Known only from three...

Habitat

Big Cypres Fox Squirell

Tree squirrels occur in forests, woodlands, gardens, urban areas, and agricultural landscapes. Space and habitat use is ex- A big cypress fox squirrel (Sciurus niger avicennia) foraging in the Florida Everglades. (Photo by J. H. Robinson Photo Researchers, Inc. Reproduced by permission.) A big cypress fox squirrel (Sciurus niger avicennia) foraging in the Florida Everglades. (Photo by J. H. Robinson Photo Researchers, Inc. Reproduced by permission.) tremely flexible and linked to the spatial...

Harriss antelope squirrel

Spermophilus harrisii Audubon and Bachman, 1854, Santa Cruz county, Arizona, United States. Two subspecies. English Yuma antelope squirrel German Harris-Antilopen Zeisel. 9.0-9.7 in (22.9-24.6 cm), 4.3-5.3 oz (122-150 g). Brown to dark gray in winter, lighter in summer. White stripe along each side. No white under tail unlike the other Ammospermophilus sp. Southern Arizona, extreme southwest New Mexico, and northwest Mexico. Various open and sparsely vegetated desert habitats. Habitats include...

Resources

Mammals from the Mesozoic of Kirgizstan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Tadzhikistan. In The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia, edited by M. J. Benton, M. A. Shishkin, D. M. Unwin, and E. N. Kurochkin. Cambridge Cambridge University Press, 2000. Chapman, J. A., and G. A. Feldhamer, eds. Wild Mammals of North America. Baltimore Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982. Chapman, J. A., and J. E. C. Flux, eds. Rabbits, Hares and Pikas Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan....

Dorcas gazelle

Capra dorcas (Linnaeus, 1758), lower Egypt. OTHER COMMON NAMES French Gazelle dorcas. Dorcas gazelles have a head and body length of 3.0-3.6 ft (90-110 cm), tail length of 6-8 in (l5-20 cm), shoulder height of 1.8-2.1 ft (55-65 cm), and weight of 27-44 lb (12-20 kg). They are considered one of the smallest of the gazelles, but proportionately are the longest limbed. Their slender limbs contain splayed hooves. They can reach running speeds of 60 mph (95 kph) and can maintain steady speeds of 30...

Spiny rat

Echimys semispinosus (Tomes, 1860), Esmeraldas, Ecuador. OTHER COMMON NAMES German Igelratten Spanish Sacha cui (Peru) Surinamese Maka alata. The size of a house rat or white lab rat, but with a proportionately larger head and smaller ears. Fur (especially on the back and rump) is bristly to the touch due to the presence of stiffened, flattened hairs. Above is an orangish brown, and below is pure white. The tail is naked and is often pale toward the end. A weakness in the fifth vertebra of the...

Hane Sengi Sexe Photoj

Sengis are alert, high-strung creatures with hair-trigger senses and reactions, always primed for escape, fleeing into hiding at the least threat. The enemies of sengis are legion. Snakes, birds of prey, and carnivorous mammals are known predators of sengis. Accordingly, the sengi lifestyle balances the vulnerability of small size, short life-span and low reproductive rate with keen senses, lightning-swift reflexes, and alterations that the sengi makes in its territory to ensure maximum safety....

Whitefaced arboreal spiny rat

Myoxus chrysurus (Zimmerman, 1780), Suriname. OTHER COMMON NAMES Portuguese Conoco, sauia banderira. Fur is bristly and spiny, with the upper parts brownish red, while the belly and throat are buff colored. A broad white blaze runs from the nose to behind the ears. The last three-quarters of the tail is white with a yellowish tip. Paws are white. In dense vegetation along riverbanks and in flooded areas. Uses upper stories of vegetation. The same size as a familiar European North American...

Insectvora [Order

Erinaceidae Family Atelerix Genus A. albiventris Species A. algirus A. frontalis A. sclateri Erinaceus Genus E. amurensis Species E. concolor E. europaeus Hemiechinus Genus H. aethiopicus Species H. auritus H. collaris H. hypomelas H. micropus H. nudiventris Mesechinus Genus M. dauuricus Species M. hughi Echinosorex Genus E. gymnura Species Hylomys Genus H. hainanensis Species H. sinensis H. suillus Podogymnura Genus P. aureospinula Species P. truei Chrysochloridae Family Amblysomus Genus A....

Javan shorttailed porcupine

Kangaroo Sexual Anatomy

Cuvier, 1823 , Java, Indonesia. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Sunda porcupine, Malaysian short-tailed porcupine. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS The weight averages about 17.6 lb 8 kg , head and body length is 17.9-28.9 in 45.5-73.5 cm , and the tail length is 2.4-5.1 in 6.0-13.0 cm . Quill arrangement and structure resemble subgenus Thecurus. Java, Lombok, Madura, Sumbawa, Flores and nearby island of Tanah Djampa, Rintja, and southwestern Sulawesi presumably only through human...

Bushy Tailed Cave

Big Pack Rat

The order Rodentia has a worldwide distribution, and species within this order can be found in every habitat ranging from Arctic tundra to desert. Nearly 70 of all rodent species are rats and mice of the family Muridae, and representatives of this family are found on all continents as well as Australia and oceanic islands. The house mouse Mus mus-culus and the black rat Rattus rattus , two species that live in close association with humans, are cosmopolitan and have been transported to all...

Ground pangolin

Manis temminckii Smuts, 1832, northern Cape Province, South Africa. English Cape pangolin, South African pangolin, Temminck's ground pangolin, scaly anteater French Pangolin de Tem-minck Spanish Pangolin del cabo. Ground pangolins have a head and body length of 20-24 in 50-60 cm , a tail length of 14-20 in 35-50 cm , and a weight of 33.0-39.6 lb 15-18 kg . Ground pangolins are similar in most respect to Chinese pangolins. They do not have external ears, have scales on the tail but do not have...

Conservation status

Five Pictures Mammals

The IUCN lists one species as Critically Endangered Makalata occasius five species as Vulnerable Chaetomys sub-spinosus, Clyomys bishopi, Diplomys rufodorsalis, Echimys chrysurus, A spiny rat Thrichomys apereoides with young. Photo by Claus Meyer Minden Pictures. Reproduced by permission. A spiny rat Thrichomys apereoides with young. Photo by Claus Meyer Minden Pictures. Reproduced by permission. A male Venezuelan spiny rat Proechimys amphichoricus on a tree branch. Photo by Rexford Lord Photo...

Eastern rock sengi

Elephantulus myurus Thomas and Schwann, 1906, Woodbush, Transvaal, South Africa. OTHER COMMON NAMES German Langschwanz-R sselspringer. The head and body length range 8-11.5 in 202-290 mm , the tail slightly longer. Adult body weight runs 1.5-3 oz 41-98 g . Eastern rock sengis may hop with the hindlimbs, but most of the time they walk or run about on all fours. There are five digits on each foot with small claws, while the digits of the hind feet, are equipped with digital pads to give them...

Pallass squirrel

Callosciurus erythraeus Pallas, 1779 , Assam, India. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Red-bellied squirrel French Ecureuil a ventre rouge Spanish Ardilla de Pallas. Head and body length 7.8-10.2 in 200-260 mm , tail 6-7.6 in 160-195 mm 11-16 oz 310-460 g . Very variable in color, Upper fur olive brown agouti, underside reddish varying from maroon to creamy buff . From Bhutan and Assam in the east through Myanman to southern China, south to Indochina, Thailand, and Malaya. Also occurs on Taiwan,...

Lord Derbys anomalure

Pteromys derbianus Gray, 1842 , Sierra Leone. One of the subspecies of A. derbianus in the Congo, is occasionally given species rank as A. fraseri. Sixteen subspecies. English Lord Derby's scalytail French Ecureuil volant de Derby German Gemeines Dornschanz-hornchen. Physical characteristics vary geographically over its range, with the dorsal fur varying from gray to rich russet grizzled with silver. The subspecies, though all share the characteristic facial pattern of white snout, forehead,...

Species accounts

Wetland Keystone Species

OTHER COMMON NAMES English European beaver. Weight 33-75 lb 15-35 kg . Yellowish brown to black fur and a flat tail. Has longer nasal bones, larger and more massive skull and smaller tail than the North American beaver. The anal gland secretion is a thick paste of a grayish color in females but oily with a whitish or pale straw color in males. It is brown and viscous in male but it is whitish or light yellow and runny in female North American beavers....

Contributors to the first edition

The following individuals contributed chapters to the original edition of Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, which was edited by Dr. Bernhard Grzimek, Professor, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Germany Director, Frankfurt Zoological Garden, Germany and Trustee, Tanzanian National Parks, Tanzania. Dr. Michael Abs Curator, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany Bombay Natural History Society Bombay, India Dr. Rudolph Altevogt Professor, Zoological Institute, University of M nster M nster, Germany...

Longtailed chinchilla

Chinchilla lanigera Molina, 1782 , Coquimbo, Coquimbo Province, Chile. OTHER COMMON NAMES French Chinchilla laniger. Average total length of 14.4 in 365 mm , tail length 5.6 in 141 mm , and weight 0.9 lb 0.4 kg . Appearance is rabbit-like with larger ears than C. brevicaudata and a longer brushy tail. Dorsal fur is gray and black. Tympanic bullae are inflated. Arid to semi-arid, montane regions between 9,840-16,400 ft 3,000-5,000 m . Prefers rocky habitats with sparse vegetation. Either...

Pocket gophers

Pocket Gopher Yawning

Class Mammalia Order Rodentia Suborder Sciurognathi Family Geomyidae Small- to medium-sized herbivores, characterized by a tube-shaped body, small eyes and ears, short tail, short but stout forelimbs, and small hindlimbs 5-14 in 13-36 cm 0.13-3.1 lb 60-1,400 g Meadows, prairies, woodlands, and deserts Conservation status Critically Endangered 2 species Endangered 1 species Vulnerable 2 species Lower Risk Near Threatened 10 species North, central, and northwestern North America North, central,...

Pocket mice kangaroo rats and kangaroo mice

Giant Kangaroo Rat

Class Mammalia Order Rodentia Suborder Sciurograthi Family Heteromyidae Small to medium nocturnal, seed-eating rodents with external, fur-lined cheek pouches, bipedal locomotion in the kangaroo rats and mice and quadrupedal locomotion in pocket mice. Rudimentary social structure sandbathing cleans the hair and deposits scent for communication the medium and larger sized kangaroo rats communicate by footdrumming 1.7-14.6 in 42-370 mm total length, weight 0.2-6.9 oz 5-195 g Number of genera,...

Ra

Field Station of the Federal Fisheries S Research Institute O Dr. Konrad Lorenz Professor and Director, Max Planck Institute for Behavioral Physiology Seewiesen Obb., Germany Sciences, Institute for Systematic and O Experimental Zoology N Cracow, Poland Dr. Walburga Moeller Nature Museum Hamburg, Germany Dr. Martin L hmann Federal Research Institute for the Breeding of Small Animals Celle, Germany Dr. Johannes L ttschwager Oberstudienrat retired Heidelberg, Germany Dr. Wolfgang Makatsch...

Garden dormouse

Myomimus Roachi

Eliomys quercinus Linnaeus, 1766 , Germany. Fourteen subspecies. OTHER COMMON NAMES English Orchard dormouse French Lerot German Gartenschl fer Spanish Liron careto. Head and body length 3.9-6.9 in 10-17.5 cm , tail 3.5-5.3 in 9-13.5 cm weight 1.5-4.2 oz 45-120 g . Color is gray to brown, cream to white underneath. Europe from France to western Russia, south to southern Spain and Portugal. Despite its name, the garden dormouse is most often found in forests. Also cultivated fields, rocky areas,...

Roatan Island agouti

Roatan Mammals

Dasyprocta ruatanica Thomas, 1901, Roatan Island, 40 mi 64 km off the coast of northern Honduras. OTHER COMMON NAMES French Agouti de l'lle de Ruatan. Head and body length, 12.6-25.2 in 32-64 cm tail, 0.4-2.75 in 1-7 cm weight, 1.3-8.8 lb 0.6-4 kg . A classic case of island dwarfism. This species is like a small Dasyprocta punctata, the ancestral mainland species from which it is thought to be descended. The body appears brown with each hair having alternating black and yellow rings....

Birch mice jumping mice and jerboas

Woodland Jumping Mouse

Class Mammalia Order Rodentia Suborder Sciurognathi Family Dipodidae Pygmy to medium-sized quadrupedal or bipedal rodents with hind limbs slightly or much longer than forelimbs long tails and eyes and external ears ranging in size coarse or soft brown, brownish-yellow or jonquil fur a dichromatic, black-and-white banner tail tip characteristic of many jerboa species specialized for the fast bipedal gallop 1.8-9 in 45-230 mm weight 0.2-15 oz 6-415 g Inhabitants of forests, meadows, steppe and...

Blesbok Bontebok

Antilope pygargus Pallas, 1767 , Cape Province, South Africa. Two subspecies. French Blesbok bontebok, Damalisque a front blanc German Blessbok, Buntbok Spanish Blesbok. Body length 4.6-5.3 ft 140-160 cm shoulder height 2.8-3.3 ft 85-100 cm tail 12-18 in 30-45 cm 121-220 lb 55-100 kg . Horns 14-20 in 35-50 cm . Dark brown coat, white belly and inside legs. White face patch, ears. D. p. phillipsi east-central South Africa D. p. dorcas small area of southwestern Cape. Grasslands of the highveld...

Steenbok

Raphicerus campestris campestris Thunberg, 1811 , Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Seven proposed subspecies. English Steenbuck, steinbuck, steinbok French Steenbok German Steinbockchen Spanish Steenbok. Slender, graceful antelope, third largest of the neotragines but still only 18-24 in 45-60 cm tall, 28-35 in length 70-90 cm , and weighing 18-33 lb 8-15 kg . Body color ranges from light beige to reddish brown belly, chest, chin, and ear-linings are white to off-white. Large ears and short...

Pels anomalure

Pteromys Anomalurus pelii Schlegel and Muller, 1845 , Dubacrom, Ghana. English Pel's scaletail French Ecureuil volant de Pel German Pel Dornschwanz-hornchen. The largest anomalure, Pel's all-black back and pure white belly are quite distinctive. The fur on the head is black, and the snout and fur at the bases of the ears is white. The tail is white and as long as the head and body, with a thickened brush of fur on the last half. The gliding membranes are black in some subspecies and white in...

Sable antelope

Aigocerus niger Harris, 1838 , near Pretoria, South Africa. OTHER COMMON NAMES French Hippotrague noir German Rappenantilope Spanish Antilope sable. Body length 6.3-8.5 ft 190-255 cm shoulder height 3.9-4.7 ft 117-143 cm tail 1.3-2.5 ft 40-75 cm 420-660 lb 190-300 kg , female smaller than male. Horns 2.6-5.5 ft 80-165 cm in males, 2-3.3 ft 60-100 cm in females. H. n. roosevelti extreme southeastern Kenya through Tanzania H. n. kirkii Zambia, presumably eastern Angola and southeastern Democratic...