Whitethroated capuchin

Cebus capucinus

SUBFAMILY

Cebinae

TAXONOMY

Cebus capucinus (Linnaeus, 1758), northern Colombia. Four subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: White-shouldered capuchin; French: Sajou a gorge blanche; Spanish: Mono capuchino.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Fur: white to yellowish throat, head, and shoulders; black back, tail, arms, and legs. Head and body length is 13.2-17.8 in (33.5-45.3 cm). Tail length is 13.8-21.7 in (35-55 cm). Weight is 5.9-8.6 lb (2.7-3.9 kg).

DISTRIBUTION

Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. HABITAT

Primary and secondary evergreen forest, rainforest, mangroves, and deciduous dry forest from sea level to 6,900 ft (2,100 m).

BEHAVIOR

Diurnal and arboreal. Multimale-multifemale groups of 10-20 individuals with more adult females than males. Males defend the groups' territory. Communicate vocally when out of sight while foraging. Threat displays towards humans and other animals. Males emigrate from natal group.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Fruits, leaves, berries, nuts, seeds, shoots, buds, flowers, and animal prey including insects, spiders, crabs, and small vertebrates (birds, baby squirrels, lizards). Males will forage on forest floor.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygamous, both sexes mate promiscuously. Females reach sexual maturity at 3-4 years, although females have been documented to give birth as young as 28 months. Gestation is 157-167 days. Birth season is December-April. Births are single.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Widespread and uncommon to locally common. Main pressures on populations include habitat degradation, deforestation, and hunting for food. Listed in Appendix 2 of CITES.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

Hunted for food and as crop pests in parts of their range. Collected for zoo and pet trade in past. ♦

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