Sunda slow loris

Nycticebus coucang

SUBFAMILY

Lorisinae

TAXONOMY

Nycticebus coucang (Boddaert, 1785), Malacca, Malaysia. For many years, this was the only species recognized in the genus Nycticebus. However, it became increasingly evident that a separate species should be recognized for the much smaller pygmy slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus), and it is also justifiable to give specific rank to the Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis). After removal of these two species, the remaining species Nycticebus coucang contains 3 subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES French: Nyticebe; German: Plumplori.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Medium-sized slow loris. Fur pale brown dorsally and buffy white ventrally. A wide brown midline stripe runs down the back. Head and body length: 12.5 in (31 cm); tail length: virtually zero. Body mass: males 1 lb 8 oz (680 g); females 1 lb 6 oz (625 g).

DISTRIBUTION

Malaysian Peninsula south of the Isthmus of Kra, Sumatra and nearby islands, Java, Borneo and neighboring islands.

HABITAT

Evergreen tropical rainforest, with a preference for forest edges.

BEHAVIOR

Nocturnal and fully arboreal.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feeds primarily on fruit, with a complement of arthropods (mainly insects) and some gums. Also eats eggs and small vertebrates. Reportedly concentrates on insects with a repugnant taste and/or smell.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Believed to be polygamous. Typically gives birth to single offspring. Gestation period 191 days.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Relatively common and not immediately threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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