Southern needleclawed bushbaby

Euoticus elegantulus

SUBFAMILY

Galaginae

TAXONOMY

Euoticus elegantulus (Le Conte, 1857), West Africa. In many former classifications, this species included the northern needle-clawed bushbaby as a subspecies, but that form is now recognized as the separate species Euoticus pallidus.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Galago élégant; German: Südlicher Kielnagelgalago; Spanish: Abolí, galago elegante.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Fur bright rufous brown dorsally and gray-white ventrally. Mandibular tooth comb notably elongated relative to other teeth. Nails on fingers and toes are strongly keeled and bear sharp tips ("needle-claws"). Head and body length: 8.6 in (21.5 cm); tail length: 12 in (29.5 cm). Body mass: males 10 oz (285 g); females 9 oz (260 g).

DISTRIBUTION

Equatorial West Africa: Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Congo-Brazzaville, and Cameroon.

HABITAT

Primary and secondary evergreen tropical rainforest.

BEHAVIOR

Nocturnal and fully arboreal. A primarily quadrupedal active leaper.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

This bushbaby is a specialized gum-feeder and its "needle claws" are typically used for clinging to broad trunk surfaces while collecting gum. In addition to gum, it eats a certain quantity of arthropods (mainly insects). Solitary foraging is the rule, but little is known about the social organization of this species.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Polygynous. Typically gives birth to a single infant. Infants are carried both on the mother's fur and in her mouth. Breeds throughout the year in Gabon. Gestation period unknown.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Listed as Near Threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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