Significance to humans

Cheek-pouched monkeys are commonly hunted for food (bushmeat) in Africa, Asia and Southeast Asia, although they are often protected at least to some extent by local customs in Asia and parts of Southeast Asia, as is the case with rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) and bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) in India. Monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae have also been used extensively in biomedical research because they are relatively closely related to humans. The rhesus macaque has long been established as a standard laboratory species and, among other things, served as a basic model for the study of reproductive processes and maternal behavior. Other macaque species, various baboons and some guenon species have also been widely used in biomedical research.

Moustached Guenon

1. Mandrill {Mandrillus sphinx); 2. Hamadryas baboon {Rapio hamadryas); S. Moustached guenon {Cercopithecus cephus); 4. Barbary macaque {Macaca sylvanus); 5. Gelada {Theropithecus gelada); 6. Rhesus macaque {Macaca mulatta). {Illustration by Barbara Duperron)

Saimiri Oerstedii

1. Allen's swamp monkey (Allenopithecus nigroviridis); 2. Gray-cheeked mangabey (Lophocebus albigena); 3. Patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas); 4. Angolan talapoin (Miopithecus talapoin); 5. Collared mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus); 6. Grivet (Chlorocebus aethiops). (Illustration by Barbara Duperron)

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