Dusky titi monkey

Callicebus moloch

SUBFAMILY

Callicebinae

TAXONOMY

Callicebus moloch Hoffmannsegg, 1807, Brazil.

OTHER COMMON NAMES Spanish: Mono tití, tocón.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Head and body length is 13.6-13.7 in (345-348 mm); tail length is 17.0-17.7 in (432-449 mm); and weight is 24.7-42.3 oz (700-1,200 g). Their coat is buffy or grayish agouti with contrasting reddish brown or orange sideburns and under-parts. They possess a long, thickly haired, non-prehensile tail.

DISTRIBUTION

Amazon basin south of the Amazon River in Brazil.

HABITAT

Gallery, swamp, and flooded forests. Lower canopy levels. BEHAVIOR

Diurnal and arboreal. Small territories are defended by vocal duets of mated pair at daybreak. They forage in dense tangles of vegetation in the lower levels of the canopy, but will forage

H Callicebus moloch H Callicebus torquatus higher occasionally. Group members will twine tails together when sleeping, grooming, and dueting.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Fruit, leaves, and insects. They are the only largely folivorous small monkey.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Monogamous. Females gives birth to a single offspring during November-March. Males carry infants the majority of the time, beginning at birth. Infants are weaned at eight months, sexually mature at 30 months, and both sexes leave the group at three years of age.

CONSERVATION STATUS

CITES Appendix II. Common, widespread distribution; not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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