Miopithecus talapoin (Schreber, 1774), Angola. It has been customary to recognize only a single species in the genus Miopithecus talapoin, but the population in Cameroon (south of the River Sanaga), Río Muni and Gabon can be distinguished as a separate species, Miopithecus ogouensis.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Angolan dwarf guenon; French: Talapoin d'Angola; German: Zwergmeerkatze.
Talapoins are the smallest Old World monkeys and almost certainly evolved from a larger-bodied ancestor by dwarfing. The fur is coarsely banded yellow-and-black dorsally and white or grayish white ventrally. The nose is back and the skin bordering the face is also black. In males, the scrotum is colored pink medially and blue laterally. There is mild sexual dimorphism in body size. Average head and body length: 16 in (40
cm); average tail length: 21 in (52.5 cm). Body mass: 3 lb 1 oz (1380 g) for males and 2 1b 10 oz (1120 g) for females.
Equatorial West Africa in western Democratic Republic of the Congo and the coastal region of Angola.
Occur in both primary and secondary gallery, mangrove, and swamp forests.
Diurnal and predominantly arboreal, although they may occasionally descend to the ground while foraging. Talapoins are good swimmers and commonly sleep on branches overhanging rivers so that they can dive to escape from predators. Live in multimale groups usually of moderate size, but that can reach 100 or more individuals.
Diet consists of approximately equal proportions of fruits and animal prey, including various arthropods (mainly insects), small vertebrates, and eggs.
Polygamous. Single births are typical. Females have a prominent sexual swelling that varies in size and coloration across the cycle. Gestation period 162 days.
Not currently regarded as threatened.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Occasionally hunted as a source of bushmeat, although the small body size makes this relatively unprofitable. ♦
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