Dasypus vellerosus (Gray, 1865), Bolivia. OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Small screaming armadillo; French: Petit tatou velu; German: Weisshaar-Gurteltier; Spanish: Quirquincho chico.
Length 14.6 in (37 cm); weight 1.9 lb (850 g). Dentition: 9/10. Smallest of the hairy armadillos, it has a broad head shield with widely spaced ears and 18 bands. Silky hairs sparsely cover the body. Kidneys concentrate fluids and are thus adapted to arid climates.
Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina.
Sandy desert habitat that is not rocky.
Fossorial and nocturnal to avoid the day's heat but become more diurnal in the winter. Spend most of their time foraging near vegetation in prescribed home ranges (4.7 ha on average). In captivity, forages systematically, spiraling inwardly in a patch. Multiple burrows, found in sand dunes or near vegetation, are used for resting, shelter and foraging. Gives off an eerie scream when handled.
Omnivorous diet consists of invertebrates, vertebrates and plant material. Summer diet includes rodents (20%). Diet adapted to desert life where insects are scarce.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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