Resources

Books

Bates, P. J., and D. L. Harrison. Bats of the Indian Subcontinent. Sevenoaks, UK: Harrison Zoological Museum, 1997.

Churchill, S. Australian Bats. Sydney: Reed New Holland, 1998.

Indomalaysian Region. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Hill, J. E., and J. D. Smith. Bats: A Natural History. London: British Museum (Natural History), 1984.

Koopman, K. F. "Order Chiroptera." In Mammal Species of the World, edited by D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1983.

Kunz, T. H., and P. A. Racey, eds. Bat Biology and Conservation. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.

Nowak, Ronald M. Walker's Mammals of the World. 6th ed. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

Schober, W., and E. Grimmberger. Bats of Britain and Europe. London: Hamlyn, 1993.

Skinner, R., and R. H. N. Smithers. The Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. 2nd ed. Pretoria, South Africa: University of Pretoria, 1998.

Periodicals

Bogdanowicz, W., and R. D. Owen. "Phylogenetic Analyses of the Bat Family Rhinolophidae." Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 30 (1992): 142-160.

Organizations

Australian Museum. 6 College Street, Sydney, New South Wales 2010 Australia. Phone: (2) 9320 6000. Web site: <http://www.amonline.net.au>

Bat Conservation International. P.O. Box 162603, Austin, TX 78716 USA. Phone: (512) 327-9721. Fax: (512) 327-9724. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <http://www .batcon.org>

Eurobats. Martin-Luther-King Str. 8, Bonn, D-53175 Germany. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <http:// www.eurobats.org/>

IUCN Species Survival Commission, Chiroptera Specialist Group. Web site: <http://www.iucn.org>

Barry Taylor, PhD

Old World leaf-nosed bats

(Hipposideridae)

Class Mammalia Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Hipposideridae

This large family is characterized by elaborate modifications of the nose and muzzle, forming leaf-like projections that are thought to help focus echolocation signals emitted through the nose

Range in size from small to very large, with head and body lengths of 1.1-4.3 in (28-110 mm), and forearms a similar length

Number of genera, species

9 genera; 66 species

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Occupy a variety of habitats, from arid to tropical areas throughout much of the Old World

Critically Endangered: 2 species; Endangered: 1 species; Vulnerable: 15 species; Lower Risk/Near Threatened: 23 species; Data Deficient: 7 species

Distribution

Old World tropics and subtropics

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